Bangladesh has been inhabited for more than 4,000 years and is the birthplace of Buddhism. Over time, Islam has become the country's official religion. Nevertheless, Bangladesh still holds some important Buddhist temples, each more fascinating than the next. Also, native Buddhist tribes still live in certain regions of the country.
Once upon a time, the Bangladesh region was one of the richest in southern Asia and had a very rich cultural life. After that, the country belonged to the British (from the 16th century to the Second World War), and then Pakistan, until it finally gained independence in 1971.
The history of Bangladesh can be compared to a sponge, absorbing the different religions and cultures of the people who have occupied its regions and ending up with a saturated synthesis of them all. Although remains bearing weatness of this past splendour are still visible, they are also marked by the many destructions linked to the wars and floods.