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    Culture Mauritius

    By Dmitry Petrounin Dmitry Petrounin Section editor Profile

    Mauritius : Discover the country's culture


    Mauritius and Rodrigues, Lonely Planet Guide 2009.


    'Segga man' by Kaya and Racinetatane.

    Mauritius : Discover the country's history

    Historical dates

    1512: the Portuguese sailor Mascarenhas discovers the island. The three island archipelago - Mauritius, Rodrigues and Reunion - takes the name of Mascarene archipelago.
    1598-1710: the Dutch took possession of the island.
    1715-1789: the French settled in Mauritius. Spurred on by Mahé de la Bourdonnais, the island became prosperous and Port-Louis (the capital), founded in 1736, developed into an attractive merchant harbour.
    1810: the French surrendered to the English fleet.
    1814: a peace treaty was signed between France and England who still own half the islands of the Indian Ocean each.
    1835: abolition of slavery. The necessary manpower to the sugar cane plantation was imported from India and China.
    1968: independence of the island.
    1992: proclamation of the Mauritian Republic.
    2004: the government passed a bill against luxury imitation goods.
    2005: following the legislative election ensuring the victory of the Social Alliance party coalition, Navin Ramgoolam was appointed Prime Minister.
    2010: ruling coalition of PM Navin Ramgoolam wins general election.

    Mauritius : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events


    1st January: New Year's Day.
    February: Cavadee, Tamil purification festival.
    Spring festival (Chinese New Year).
    March: Maha Shivaratree, festival in honour of Shiva, in Grand-Bassin.
    12 March: Independence Day (national holiday).
    End of March: Holi (Hindu holiday).
    1st May: Labour Day.
    15 August: Assumption.
    9 September: Father Laval Day.
    November: Dipavali (Tamil light festival).
    1st November: All Saints Day.
    25 December: Christmas Day.