The rainforests, jungles and magnificent coastline of the Philippines are home to a diverse range of flaura and fauna. It is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world. There are 13,500 plant species of which almost 4,000 are endemic to the islands. Also, many rare types of orchids and rafflesia can be found in the Philippine forests. Thanks to its warm, tropical waters the Philippines boasts extraordinary underwater wildlife: no less than 800 varieties of coral and 2,000 fish species. Amongst the wildlife native to the Philippines are the tarsier (the smallest primate in the world, primarily found on Bohol), the tamaraw (buffalo) of Mindoro, the Visayan warty pig and the Philippine eagle.