Bordered by the Red Sea in the east, Sudan conceals a hidden paradise off the coast of Port Sudan and Suakin, an old port city abandoned since 1904, with its maritime routes used by ancient Egyptians, coral reefs and exceptional flora and fauna.
In the Sahelian areas, the decline of the vegetation is favourable to desertification. As for the fauna, crocodiles, baboons, giraffes, leopards, lions, hippos, etc., abound in the plains and the equatorial regions of Sudan. The Nile is an important stopping point for birds migrating to the south of Africa in winter.
There is a very developed irrigation system in the central part of the country which has even given rise to swampland.