England
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Culture England

By Dmitry Petrounin Dmitry Petrounin Section editor Profile

England : Discover the country's culture

Read

Poets:
Geoffrey Chaucer, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats, Wilfred Owen, John Betjeman and Ted Hughes.
Playwrights::
William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde and Harold Pinter.
Authors:
Charles Dickens, Jane Austen, Bronte sisters, Thomas Hardy, Bram Stoker, Mary Shelley, Robert Louis Stevenson, D. H. Lawrence, Virginia Woolf, Agatha Christie, Roald Dahl, Stephen Fry and Nick Hornby.

Music

The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Elton John, The Who, The Kinks, David Bowie, T. Rex, The Clash, Joy Division, Pink Floyd, Genesis, The Specials, Tom Jones, Blur, Oasis, Westlife, Take That, the Spice Girls, The Prodigy, Amy Winehouse, Radiohead, Razorlight, Adele, Coldplay and Muse.

England : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

In 55 BC, England is conquered by the Romans.
In the Vth century, Anglosaxon invasions take place, followed by raids of Vikings in the IXth century.
In 1066, Guillaume the Conqueror is victorious in the Battle of Hastings.
From 1337 to 1453 the Hundred Years war takes place.
In 1534, Henry VIII is recognised as the leader of the Church in England.
In 1563, Anglicanism is instituted by a confession of faith. In 1649, King Charles I is executed during the First Revolution.
In 1666, a fire destroys most of London.
In 1713, England's maritime hegemony is confirmed in the Utrecht Peace Treaty.
In 1876, Queen Victoria is proclaimed empress of India. In 1900, the Labour Party is founded.
In 1914 and 1939, the British government allies with France in the war against Germany.
In 1947, England declares the independence of India and Pakistan.
In 1971, the country becomes a member of the Common Market.
From 1974 to 1979, the government is led by the Labour Party. Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government takes over until 1990.
In 1994, the Channel tunnel is opened.
In 1997, The Labour Party led by Tony Blair wins elections.
In 1997, Princess Diana Spencer dies in a car accident.
In September 2004, the Pendolino pendular train is lauched to reduce the time it takes from Manchester to London by 35 min.
In February 2005, hunting with hounds is abolished in England and Wales by the Hunting Act.
In November 2005, the law authorising pubs and businesses selling alcohol to open 24 hours a day is implemented.
On 1st July 2007, the law which prohibits smoking in all public areas is implemented.
In 2010, the UK General Election resulted in the first hung parliament since 1974. The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats agreed to form a coalition government.

England : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

1st January
New Year.
March-April
Good Friday.
March-April
Easter
April
London Marathon
Beginning of May
May Day (national holiday for the first day in Mayi).
May
Brighton Festival. Theatre, music, dance and readings of literary texts.
End of May
Spring Bank Holiday (public holiday falling on the last Monday in May).
June
Trooping the Colour Parades.
August
Portobello Jamaican Festival.
End of August
Summer Bank Holiday (public holiday falling on last Monday in August).
October
Trafalgar Day Parade.
25th December
Christmas day.
26th December
Boxing Day.