Culture Algeria

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Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Algeria

Algeria : Discover the country's culture

Read



- The Life at the Place, R. Boudjedrah.


- The Plague, by Albert Camus. Vintage.  

- The Dirty War, by Habib Souaïdia. Ed. la Découverte.
- Inside Algeria, Michael Von Graffenried. Aperture.
- Un amour d'Algérie, by Marie-Odile Delacour and Jean-René Huleu. Ed. Losfeld Joelle.

, de 



 
- Rimbaud et l'Algérie, by Hédi Abdel-Jaouad. Coll. Documents et témoignages. Paris Méditerranée.


- A Calm look at Algeria, by Akram Belkaïd.
- The Algerian War 1954-62, by Martin Windrow and Mike Chappell . Rank and File Publishers.










Guides

- Algeria. Bradt Travel Guide.
- Algeria. Country Guide ( Travel Guide).
Sahara Overland: A Route and Planning Guide .  . Trailblazer Publications.
- North Africa. Lonely Planet.

Music

- Rai - The Best of the Original North African Grooves, Manteca
- Compilation Algérie, Sonodiscmusisoft.
- Khalwa, Chants sacrés d'Algérie, (Houria Aïchi).
- L'Algérie en musiques, (El Djezair).






Algeria : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

Prior to the advent of Islam, the Berber population knew the Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals and Byzantines.
647 saw the first Arab incursions and the Islamisation of the Mahgreb.
By 761, the Tahert Kingdom (Ladite).
911, destruction of the Ladite Kingdom by the Fatimides.
973, the Fatimides entrusted power to the Sanhadja tribe (the Zirides).
1152, Almohades Kingdom.
1509, invasion of Oran by the Spaniards.
1518, Ottoman protectorate.
1830, start of French colonisation.
1839-1847, résistance of Abd El-Kader.
1870, revolt in Kabylia.
1945, nationalist demonstration in Constantine region.
1954, Breakout of war of Independance by the FLN.
1962, independance. Ahmed Ben Bella elected president.
1965, overthrow of Ben Bella by Houari Boumediene.
1971, nationalisation of oil.
1978, death of Houari Boumediene.
1979, designation of Chadli Bendjedid as president.
1988, popular demonstrations violently crushed .
1990, victory of Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) at municipal elections.
1991, FIS obtains majority at first round of legislative elections.
1992, resignation of Bendjedid, formation of Higher State Committee (HCE). Elections are suspended. Start of hostilities between government and islamic fundamentalists. Assassination of HCE president, Mohamed Boudiaf.
1994, Liamine Zeroual takes over as president.
1997, new legislative elections saw victory of army, while civil war reaches its peak.
1999 (April), Abdelaziz Bouteflika elected president.
1999 (August), referendum on civil peace.
2001 (June), demonstrations in Kabylia.
2003 (May), Ahmed Ouyahi becomes prime minister.
2004 (April), Abdelaziz Bouteflika re-elected with 84,99 % of votes.
2005 (June), Algerian writer Assia Djebar becomes first woman from Mahgreb to join the Académie française (French Academy).

Algeria : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

JANUARY
January 1st : New Year's Day.
January 3rd : Admission Anniversary.
February : Aïd al-Adha ou Aid al-Kébir (Feast of the Sacrifice).


: Ras as Sana/Islamic New Year.
Feast of the Ashoura.

MARCH
Feast of the carpet of Ghardaia (each year for seven days)
Women's Day.

APRIL
April ending: Tafsit at Tamanrasset. For three days, the country celebrates the coming of spring (shows, singing, exhibitions...)

MAY
Feast of Daghmouli. For two days, processions round the Mausoleum of Moulay Abderrahmane.
May 1st : Labour Day.
Start of May (the Achoura) : The Sbiba of Djanet ("Pact of Peace"). The inhabitants of the Tassili N'Ajjer meet at Djanet to renew the Peace Pact sealed between them several centuries ago.
Anniversary of the Prophet.

From May 21st to 23rd : Feast of the strawberry at Skikda. The producers come from different regions of the country to display and sell their fruits. The best farmer is rewarded. A contest for the best strawberry pastry is held.

JUNE
Feast of Pottery at Mâatkas.
June 19th : Anniversary of the breakout of revolution of 19 June 1965.

JULY
July 5th : Independence and Youth Day.
From July 27th to August 4th : Feast of the silver jewellery at Ath Yenni.

AUGUST
Feast of the coral at El Kala gathering fishermen, artisans and traders.

OCTOBER
October : Start of Ramadan.

NOVEMBER
November 1st : Revolution Day.
November : End of Ramadan.


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