Classified by Unesco on the list of world heritage sites, the Great Barrier Reef stretches over 2,900 coral reefs on a distance of 1,240 miles. With a size like this, you can understand why the barrier is the only living organism that is visible from space. Located on the east coast, it consists of coral (cays) and non coral islands (high islands: Lizard Island). The northern part of the barrier is a lot nearer to the continent than its southern part (6 miles to Cape Melville as opposed to 93 miles to the south of Rockhampton). Diving, cruises, leisure and observation of the fauna (Heron Island and its green turtles), the Great Barrier is unquestionably one of the greatest tourist attractions in the country and is worth visiting for at least three days.
The reef stretches from the city of Bundaberg to the tip of Cape York.© Strangerview / 123RF
The majority of the Great Barrier Reef is protected by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.© Anh Ngo / 123RF
The Great Barrier Reef was discovered by James Cook in the 18th century.© ZoonarB Leitner / age fotostock
Divers looking to explore the reef usually set off from the city of Cairns.© Amanaimages Inc. / 123RF
As is the case with many natural organisms, the coral on the Great Barrier Reef is being affected by pollution and global warming.© Amanaimages Inc. / 123RF