Klimt, by Fliedl Gootfried. Ed. Taschen.
Novels, Essays, and Short Stories
Twenty-Four Hours in the Life of a Woman, by Stefan Zweig.
Michelin Green Guide 2003.
Vienna and Austria.
Works by the greatest composers were composed in Vienna: Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Haydn, Mahler, Strauss, the status of the world capital of classical music extends to the street corners and places in the city where improvised concerts abound. Not going to an opera concert while there is unthinkable. The capital of the waltz, each year Vienna gives the famous New Year concert, which inevitably ends withRadetzky March and The Blue Danube. More than 250 balls are organised each year in the Austrian capital. The most high-class of all remains the Vienna Opera Ball.
In the 9th century BC, the Illyrians, followed by the Celts, founded the Hallstatt civilisation around the town of Vienna.
In 800, emperor Charlemagne established the "Eastern Border Country" (Ostarrichi).
In 1282, the duchy was awarded to Albert 1st of the Habsburgs.
1519-1522 were the high point of the reign of Charles the Fifth.
In 1563, the Catholic Counter-Reformation was imposed on the country.
From 1618 to 1648, Austria was involved in the Thirty Years War.
In 1683, the Turks besieged Vienna, but were finally beaten back by Prince Eugène of Savoy. To celebrate the victory, the Viennese bakers created the croissant, as a souvenir of the emblem on the enemy flags.
In 1806, the Germanic Holy Roman Empire was dissolved.
In 1848, François-Joseph became Emperor of Austria in favour of the Liberal Revolution.
Empress Elisabeth (Sissy) was assassinated in Geneva in 1898.
In 1914, Emperor Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo.
1918 was the year of the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the proclamation of the Republic.
In 1938, the German Reich annexed Austria and proclaimed the Anschluss.
In 1945, the Soviet army entered Vienna.
In 1955, the Allies left the country that banished the Habsburg family from power.
In 1992, Thomas Klestil became President.
In 1995, Austria joined the European Union.
In 2000, Wolfgang Schuessel was nominated as chancellor.
The head of the Labour Party formed a coalition with the xenophobic party of Jorg Haider. The EU therefore took surveillance and diplomatic boycott measures against Austria until 2000.
In October 2003, Hubert Gorbach became vice-chancellor.
In December 2004, the Austrian writer Elfriede Jelinek received the Nobel prize for literature.
In 2005, Austria celebrated a triple anniversary: ten years of its belonging to the European Union, 50 years since the end of the allied occupation, and 60 years since the end of the German occupation.
National and Bank Holidays
1st January: at midnight, the Saint-Etienne cathedral clock announces the New Year.
Stelzentanz. Dances on stilts in the region of Salzburg to bring happiness.
Sternsinger. Children disguised as the Three Wise Men go from house to house singing hymns.
Schleicherlaufen de Telfs. Procession by the inhabitants of Telfs in carnival costume.
Wampelerreiten d'Axams. Procession of characters with their shirts stuffed with hay. In accordance with tradition, this is to ensure an abundant harvest.
Carnival of Tarrenz. Procession around the village to the sound of bells.
From 6 to 8 February
The high point of the carnival. Parties and processions all over the country to symbolically chase away the winter.
Easter Holiday. The most important Austrian religious feast is the occasion for decorating the tombs in the cemeteries, praying in the fields, and offering coloured eggs to children.
Malbaum (May Tree). Symbols of happiness and fertility, greasy poles are installed in each village.
Prangstangen. On the first Sunday after Pentecost, joyful processions on poles richly decorated with flowers pay homage to the splendour of nature.
Festival of world music at Innsbruck.
Dance Festival at Innsbruck.
Ranggler. Ancient wrestling tournaments on Mount Hundstein.
Religious processions in traditional costume for the Assumption.
Leonardiritt. Rides and blessings on horses and cattle in various provincial towns.
Saint-Martin. Celebration of harvests with processions by wine-growers and baptism of new wine.
From November to February
Fasching (carnival) and ball season.
From November to December
Open-Air Christmas Markets (Chriskindlmarkt) all over Austria.
End of November
Procession of Krampusse from Embach (Hohe Tauern National Park).
Festivals of Saint-Nicolas with processions escorted by "Krampus" (little devils), choirs, and inaugurations of the Christmas Tree.
Christkindleionzug. Symbolic arrival of the Infant Jesus at Igls (Tyrol) with processions of cribs, shepherds, sheep, and groups of angels carrying candles.