Culture Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Marin Veraja / 123RF
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina / Leonid Andronov
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Discover the country's culture


Bosnia and Herzegovina


'Zovi (Call Me)': Feminnem.

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

395:death of emperor Theodosius and split of the Roman Empire. The dividing line passes through Bosnia and Herzegovina. 6th - 7th century:arrival of Slavic population in the Balkans, then under control of the Eastern Roman Empire.
1371:beginning of Turkish incursions into the Balkans.
1462-82:conquest of Bosnia and Herzegovina by the Turks - Islamisation.
1878:revolts against the Ottoman occupier during the course of the century. Serbia becomes an independent kingdom. Bosnia and Herzegovina is occupied by Austro-Hungary.
1908:annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, claimed by the Serbs and Austro-Hungary.
1918:creation of the kingdom of the Serbs, Croatians, and Slovenes. Bosnia and Herzegovina is integrated into the group that will take the name of Yugoslavia ten years later.
April 1941:invasion of Yugoslavia by Germany.
1968:Tito creates the 'Muslim' nationality (Bosnian people) for the Slavs of Bosnia and Herzegovina who consider themselves as neither Serbs nor Croatians.
1980:death of Tito, then implementation of a collegiate presidency rotating between the representatives of each of the six republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia) with two autonomous provinces (Voivodine and Kosovo) for a year.
June - September 1991:six Serbian enclaves in Bosnia and Herzegovina successively proclaim their independence.
February 1992: in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the 'yes' wins in a referendum on independence. The Bosnian Serbs boycott it. The country declares its independence three days later.
28 March 1992:declaration of independence of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia (Republika srpska).
April 1992:beginning of the siege of Sarajevo. At the beginning of the summer, the Serbs control almost 70% of the territory belonging to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
May 1993:beginning of the siege of Mostar by the Bosnian Croats. The UN Security Council creates six 'security zones' for the Muslims from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1995:enforcement of a definitive ceasefire. The peace agreement is then signed in Dayton (United States) by the Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian Presidents Slobodan Milosevic, Franjo Tudjman, and Alija Izetbegovic.
14 December 1995:signing of the peace agreement in Paris.
September 1996: first general elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The voting indicates victory by the nationalists.
November 2000: general elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Victory of a moderate coalition led by the Social Democratic Party (SDP).
2003: The B-H Federation, one of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, forms its government which consists of representatives from the nationalist parties (SDA, HDZ, SRS). This government received the endorsement of the High Representative of the international community, Paddy Ashdown. The Republika Srpska (SPS -Serbian nationalist party in power) is the second entity of B-H.

Bosnia and Herzegovina : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events


1st January: New Year's Day.
1st March: Independence Day.
1st May: Labour Day.
2nd May: Prophet's Birthday.
9th May: Victory Day.
15th August: Assumption.
8th September: Nativity of the Virgin Mary.
1st November: All Saints' Day.
25th November: National Day.
25th December: Christmas Day.

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