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Culture Brazil

Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Section editor

Brazil : Discover the country's culture

Read

The Brazilian Photographs of Genevieve Naylor, 1940-1942,
Robert M. Levine, Luiz Fernando Benedini, and Peter Reznikoff. Duke University Press.

Brazil: The Green Colour of the Earth (Countries of the World), Alberto Taliani. This work takes you on a trip to one of the most beautiful bays in the world, Rio de Janeiro, which has become a major destination again. Copacabana, the Sugar Loaf, Ipanema, etc., are cult places to discover in the heart of the European winter, following the example of the famous carnival.

Novels, essays and short stories
All Saints' Bay, by Jorge Amado.
Captains of the Sand, by Jorge Amado.
Cacao, by Jorge Amado
The Violent Land, by Jorge Amado.
The Alienist, by Jaoquim Machado de Assis.

Guides

Lonely Planet Brazil.
Brazil (Eyewitness Travel Guide).
The Rough Guide to Brazil (Rough Guide Travel Guides).
Brazil (Footprint Travel Guides).
Brazil Insight Guide (Insight Guides).
Frommer's Brazil (Frommer's Complete).
Brazil: Amazon And Pantanal (Travellers' Wildlife Guides).
Brazil, 5th Edition (Footprint Brazil Handbook)
Knopf Mapguide Rio de Janeiro (Knopf Mapguides). This is a map of the city.

Pilot Guides - Destination Brazil [2002]
Escapi UK Ltd. Brazil: A Cook's Tour. Content: includes more than 100 rich, colourful photographs, a mail-order source guide, and a list of special places to visit in Brazil. 125 4-color photographs.

Music

Chico Buarque, Caetono Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Milton Nascimiento, Seu Jorge, Daniela Mercury...
Samba: Cartola, Noel Rosa, Martinho da Vila.
Bossa nova: João Gilberto, Tom Jobim, Vinícius de Moraes.
Samba fusion: Luís Melodia.
Afro-Brazilian percussion: Olodum, Ylê Aiê, Carlinhos Brown.

Brazil : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

1500: Pedro Alvares Cabral discovers Brazil. The Portuguese colonise it.
1822: Brazil becomes an empire with Peter I.
1888: abolition of slavery.
1889: creation of the federal Republic.
1937: Getúlio Vargas takes power, supported by the army.
1964: military coup d'Etat and power taken by the generals.
1985: return of civilian power, with José Sarney.
December 1989: first election by universal suffrage for 30 years, and victory by Fernando Collor.
October 1992: Collor resigns after trying, and failing, to stop impeachment trial. Itamar Franco succeeds him.
1995: Social Democrat Fernando Henrique Cardoso becomes President.
1997: intensification of persecution of landless peasants by the big landowners in the interior of the country.
October 1998: Cardoso is re-elected.
October 2002: Lula Da Silva is elected President.
January 2005: Rio State police create an escort service to prevent attacks on tourists between the airport and the city centre.
29 October 2006: Lula is re-elected President for a 4 year mandate with 60% of votes.
2011: Lula is succeeded by his former Chief of Staff, Dilma Rousseff, the first woman to hold the office of president in Brazil.

Brazil : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

1st January: New Year's Day.
January: Epiphany. Regional holidays, particularly in the North-East.
Third Thursday in January: Washing of the steps of Bonfim Church in Salvador.
2nd February: Festival of Yemanjá in Salvador. Maritime Procession.
February-March: Carnival begins 4 days before Ash Wednesday and lasts from the Friday evening to the Wednesday morning.
March: Holy Week.
March-April: Easter Festivities.
21 April: Festival of Tiradentes.
1st May: Labour Day.
Mid-May: Pentecost.
End May: Corpus Christi, particularly in Paraty.
7th September: Independence Day (national bank holiday).
12th October: Our Lady of Aparecida Day, Patron Saint of Brazil.
2nd November: All Saints' Day.
15th November: Anniversary of the proclamation of the Republic.
3th and 4th December: Celebration of Santa Bárbara, Patron Saint of markets, in Salvador.
8thDecember: The feast of Conceição da Praia ( Our Lady of Conceição da Praia), in Salvador.
25th December: Christmas Day.
31st December : New Year's Eve. Celebration of the Good Journey and Procession of N.S. dos Navegantes in Salvador.