Culture Bulgaria

  • Bulgaria
    © iStockphoto.com / Nikolay100
  • Bulgaria
    © iStockphoto.com / Nikolay100
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Bulgaria

Bulgaria : Discover the country's culture

Read

Judgement on Deltchev, police novel by Eric Ambler.
L'homme dépaysé, by Tzvetan Todorov.(in French) Ed. Seuil.







Legends of Stara Planina (Balkan Legends), by Yordan Yovkov.



Ed.

Guides

Bulgaria (Eyewitness Travel Guide). Bulgaria (Country Guides)
.

Music

- Voices of Life, the Bulgarian Women's Choir (Globe Music Media).
-Songs From Nedelino (Magic of Bulgarian Voices) , Georgiev Sisters.
- Music of Bulgaria ,by Ensemble Of The Bulgarian Republic .
- Piano Works, by composer Pantcho Vladiguerov.
- The slavonic soul, various composers.
- Chopin - Concertos for piano 1 & 2, conducted by Alexis Weissenberg
- Les introuvablesd'Alexis Weissenberg.(EMI).

Bulgaria : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

The first inhabitants of Bulgaria were Thracian.
Then there were Greeks, Romans and Slavs who settled there in the6th and 7th centuries AD.

681: Establishment of the first Bulgarian kingdom.

925 : Emperor Simeon is proclaimed tsar.

1018 : The Byzantine Empire annexes Bulgaria.

1137-1396: Second Bulgarian kingdom. Veliko Tarnovo is the capital of it.

1396: Bulgaria comes under Ottoman domination.

1876 : Nationalist revolt.

1877 : Russian-Turkish war, which is settled by the liberation of the country.

1878 : Berlin Congress. Bulgaria is cut off from Macedonia and eastern Romania.

1919 : Following the two Balkan wars and the First World War, Bulgaria has to give up its ambitions for Macedonia.

1941: Alliance with Germany under Hitler and annexation of Macedonia.

1944 : Soviet troops penetrate into Bulgaria, the monarchy is abolished, and the communists take power.

1947: Creation of the Popular Republic.

1955 : Bulgaria becomes a Warsaw Pact country.

1962
: Todor Zivkov, First secretary of the Communist party, becomes head of State.

1984 : The forced assimilation policy provokes the exodus of 350,000 Turks.

1989: After the fall of the Berlin wall, a palace revolution forces Zivkov to resign.

1990: Beginning of Bulgarian Perestroika. First free elections.

1991 : Formation of first non communist government led by Rilip Dimitrov.

1994 : The economic crisis allows the ex communists (Bulgarian Socialist Party) to return to power.

1996 : Petar Stoïanov is elected president. Formation of a new centre right government determined to liberalize and stabilize the economy.

2001: The head of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP, reformed communists), Georgi Purvanov, wins the second round of the presidential election.

2005: Bulgaria signs the treaty for membership of the European Union.

1st January 2007: Bulgaria joins the European Union which now has 27 member countries.

Bulgaria : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

JANUARY
International Folk Festival in Pernik.
January 1st: New Year's Day.
January 6th: Epiphany.
January 14th: Orthodox New Year's Day.
January 20th: Day of the cockerel.

MARCH
March 1st: Spring Day.
March 3rd: National day of celebration of liberation from the Ottoman yoke.
March 8th: International Woman's Day.
March : Good Friday
; Easter Monday. Millions of Bulgarians go to Easter mass in the churches, candle in hand.

APRIL
April 1st: Humour and Satire Day.

MAY
Festival of Regional Folklore in Haskovo.
May 1st : Labour Day.
May 6th: Bulgarian Army Day.
May 24th: Celebration of Slavic writing; Bulgarian Culture Day.

JUNE
June 2nd : Day of the dead for the freedom of Bulgaria.
Beginning June: Festival of roses in Kazanlak.
June 21st : Saint-John.

SEPTEMBER
September 6th: Anniversary of the birth of Bulgaria.
September 22nd: Independence Day.

NOVEMBER
November 1st: Celebration of the leaders of the national revival.

DECEMBER
December 24th: Christmas.

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