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Culture Myanmar

Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Section editor

Myanmar : Discover the country's culture

Read


Mogok, the Valley of Rubies,by Joseph Kessel.
Freedom from Fear: And Other Writings, by Aung San Suu Kyi.

Guides

Footprint Myanmar (Burma) Handbook: The Travel Guide.-Myanmar Burma (Odyssey Illustrated Guides).
Myanmar Insight Guide (Insight Guides).
Myanmar (Burma) (Lonely Planet Regional Guides).


Music

Myanmar: Music By The Hsaing Waing Orchestra/The Burmese Harp.

Myanmar : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

1044-1077: King Anawratha founds the first Burmese empire, with Pagan for capital city.
1287: the Mongols seize Pagan. Higher Burma is then under Shan rule, while Lower Burma is under Mon rule.
1515-1581: King Bayinnaung re-unites the country.
1752: Alaungpaya founds the third Burmese empire, then conquers Ayuthia, Arakan, Manipur and Assam.
1824-1885: three successive Burma-England wars end with total annexation of Burma by the English.
1945: uprising against Nippon domination, lead by the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League ( AFPFL), with Aung San at its head.
1947: assassination of Aung San together with six other members of his cabinet.
1948: Burmese independence.
1962: military coup lead by General Ne Win, and beginning of a totalitarian government which engaged the country in the "Burmese Way to Socialism". Aftermath: personal freedom is restrained and there is an economic disaster.
1988: widespread pro-democracy demonstrations throughout the country known as the 8888 Uprising. Aung San Suu Kyi's return from exile (daughter of Aung San) to Burma.
1989: the country's official English name changes from the "Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma" to the "Union of Myanmar" 1990: legislative elections and crushing victory of the National League for Democracy, lead by Aung San Suu Kyi, assigned to residence since 1989, and laureate of the Nobel peace prize in 1991. This victory was not however recognized by the military regime.
1992: Than Shwe is elected president.
1997: membership of Myanmar to the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations).
2007: anti-government protests, called by some the Saffron Revolution. 2008: Cyclone Nargis devastates the country, with over 200,000 dead or missing 2009: a conflict known as the Kokang incident breaks out in Shan State in northern Burma. For several weeks, junta troops fight against ethnic minorities including the Han Chinese, Va, and Kachin. 2010: a new flag is adopted and the official name of the country changes to "Republic of the Union of Myanmar", replacing the old "Union of Myanmar" from 1989. 2010: the military authorities in Burma released the pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

Myanmar : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

January 1st: New Year's Day.
January 4th: Independence Day.
February 12th: Union Day
February 26th: Full Moon of Tabaung
March 2nd: Peasants' Day
March: Tabaung Full Moon, the celebrations take place in the temples and some offerings are given to the monks.
March 10th: Dry season celebrations.
13 - 16 April: water festival, which celebrates and brings in the Burmese New Year
May 1st: Labour Day.
May 8th: Full Moon of Kason, the anniversary of the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha celebrated by watering the Bodhi tree
July 19th: Martyr's Day.
July 26th-October 23rd: Buddhist Lent
October-November: Deepavali or Diwali.
Novermber 21st: Tazaungmon Full Moon festival.
December 1st: National Day, anniversary of the first university students strike in 1920
December 25th: Christmas Day.