Culture Canada

  • Canada,
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Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Canada

Canada: life and culture


Available guides

Canada - Edition 2008 - Rough Guide.
Canada - Edition 2008 - Lonely Planet.

Let's Go USA and Canada - Mc Millan (01/2003).
Alternatively see:


The films of David Cronenberg, actor and director, born in Ontario ("Crash", "Existenz").


Music by Glenn Gould, famous composer and pianist, for his unique interpretations of classical works (born in Toronto, Ontario).
Alanis Morissette, pop-rock singer, born in Ottawa, Ontario.

Canada: discover the country's history


20,000 BC, the first Asian nomads reached Canada via the Bering Strait.
In 1534, Jacques Cartier, a French sailor, took possession of the land in the name of Francis I, on his first expedition. The following year he sailed back up the Saint Lawrence river, and gave Canada its name, a Huron-Iroquois word meaning village, or community.
In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded the city of Quebec, and explored the river courses leading into the centre of the continent. Champlain became the real creator of Canada.
En 1663, New France officially became a French province.
In 1759, the British took possession of Quebec.
In 1763, the French king officially ceded Quebec to the British, home to 60,000 French settlers.
In 1837, the French rebellion was overthrown by the British.
In 1840, Lower Canada was dissolved.
In 1867, the Canadian confederation was created, with four provinces.
In 1926, Canada became independent of the Commonwealth.
In 1960, the Liberal Party wins the elections, marking the beginning of the Quiet Revolution.
In 1970, the Quebec Liberation Front, a terrorist group, kidnaps a British diplomat and a minister from Quebec. A serious political crisis is unleashed. The minister is found dead.
In 1980, the people from Quebec vote "no" to the referendum on Quebec's independence.
In 1992, the Canadians again reject a proposal to reform the Constitution.
In 1995, 50.6% of the inhabitants of Quebec say "no" to a referendum on the sovereignty of Quebec.
In 1999, Nunavut, a new state, is created. This is the territory of the Inuit.

Canada: celebrations and events

Bank holidays and national celebrations

1st January: New Year's Day.
February: Snow Ball in Ottawa, around the Rideau canal, to celebrate winter. End of January: Quebec Festival (one of the world's largest winter festivals).
1st July: National Day of Canada.
The 1st Monday in September: Labour Day.
The 2nd Monday in October: Thanksgiving.
End October: Halloween.
11 November: Remembrance Day.
25 and 26 December: Christmas.
Elsewhere in the world
Canada : Holidays
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