"Antonio's Island: Cape Verde", by Marcelo Gomes Balla
Cape Verde Islands (Bradt Travel Guide).
Lonely Planet: Senegal, Capo Verde, Gambia, Guinea .
"Alma de morna", compilation of Cape Verdean music. Ed Lusafrica.
"Di Korpu Ku Alma" Lura. 2004
"Incondicional" Ildo Lobo
"Nos Mornas" or "Intelectal" Ildo Lobo
Various musical styles co-exist in Cape Verde.
La Morna - music providing a mixture of Portuguese fado, African rhythms (the Angolan lundum) and also the Argentinian tango - is without doubt the style that is closest to the Cape Verdean soul (the famous sodade). It was born in the 18th century on the island of Boa Vista. It combines the guitar, the cavaquinho (small guitar with 4 strings) and the violin.
Cesaria Evora and Bana are the most popular performers of it.
The other two well-known musical styles are Coladeira (Afro-Brazilian rhythms), and Funana (particularly on Santiago, a style close to the Antillean zouk). Batuque and Finašon are in a more traditional style, and their sung dialogues accompanied by African percussion go back to the times of slavery. Introduced in the 16th century, the Mazurca and Contradanša are still quite popular on Santo Antao and Sao Nicolau.
1456: 1456: said-discovery by the Venetian Ca'da Mosto, a navigator and merchant financed by Portugal. The Infante Enrique, King of Portugal, decides to make this archipelago a colony. Cape Verde then becomes one of the turntable of the slave trade.
1885: Cape Verde is recognised as a Portuguese territory at the Berlin conference.
1956: creation of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, by the impetus of a Cape Verdean, Amilcar Cabral, in Bissau.
1974: Cape Verde obtains independence.
1975: Cape Verde obtains independence. Aristides Maria Pereira becomes the first President of the country.
1980: the coup d'Etat in Guinea-Bissau puts an end to the project for a common party with Cape Verde. The constitution of the country is formally recognised as a "Democratic national revolutionary state based on national unity".
1985: Aristides Maria Pereira is re-elected
1991: Antonio Mascarenhas Monteira becomes President.
1996: re-election of Antonio Mascarenhas Monteira.
2001: February 25th: presidential election: victory by Pedro Pires(socialist party)
2005: Pedro Pires, the President leaving office, wins the presidential elections.
January 1st: New Year's Day.
January 13th: Democracy Day.
January 20th : Heroes Day.
February 19th: Carnival (the most famous is the one in Mindelo on Sao Vicente).
March 8th: International Woman's Day.
April 8th: Easter.
May 1st: Labour Day.
May 19th: Praia Day
June 1st: Children's Day.
July 5th: National Independence Day
August: Baia das Gatas festival of music on Sao Vicente (for 3 days and 3 nights on the beach)
August 15th: Assumption
September: Festival of Theatre (Mindelact) in Mindelo (Sao Vicente)
September 12th: Nationality Day.
September 15th: Music Festival on the Santa Maria beach in Sal.
November 1st: All Saints Day.
December 8th: Day of the Immaculate Conception.
December 25th: Christmas.