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Culture Croatia

By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Croatia : Discover the country's culture

Read

Novels, essays, stories


"Mathias Sandorf" by Jules Verne.
"The Devil Has The Advantage" by 'Isabel Ellsen.
"Kaputt" by Curzio Malaparte.
"Chronicle of Travnik" by Ivo Andric.
"Marble Skin" by Slavenka Drakulic.
"As If I Am Not There" by Slavenka Drakulic.
"Return of Philippe Latinowicz" by Miroslav Krleza.








Guides


Croatia. Lonely Planet















Music

Middle Ages Croatian and Italian sacred music.

Croatia : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

8th century BC: Settling of the Illyrians, who were to be conquered by the Romans in 167 BC. BC.
Around 620: the Croates settle.
7th century: a fishing's camp was established, Ragusium. It later became the city of Dubrovnik.
845: Prince Trpimir established the Trpimirovic dynasty. His successor, Branimir, insured Croatia's independence from 849.
9th century: the Glagolithic alphabet was invented.
1102: Croatia united with Hungaria.
1202: the Venetians took Zadar and by 1205 they conquered the whole of the coast and the islands of the Adriatic.
1358: the Venetians were defeated. Louis I of Hungary united the Croatian population.
1493: the Ottoman Empire dominated Croatia.
15th century: Croatia became a Republic and signed a treaty with the Ottomans that gave it the right to trade.
1527: the Habsburgs ruled over Croatia.
16th century: the Republic of Dubrovnik was at its peak.
1667: Dubrovnik was destroyed by an earthquake.
End of the 17h and beginning of the 18th century: victory over the Ottomans.
1808: the Republic of Dubrovnik was abolished by the Napoleonic armies in 1806.
1847: Croatian became the official language.
1918: creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
1929: birth of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, governed by king Alexandre Karadordevic. He was assassinated in Marseille in 1934.
The 30s: Ante Pavelic, chief of the Oustachis (insurgents), organised the Nationalist and Revolutionary Croat movement.
1941-1945: at the beginning of the Second World War, Yugoslavia was dismantled. Ante Pavelic, supported by Italy and Germany, governed the independent state of Croatia and organised Croatian concentration camps. The Yugoslavian Communist party emerged and the antifascist struggle began.
1945: Josip Broz, known as Tito, General Secretary of the Yugoslavian Communist party became head of the government. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was made up of six republics: Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia and 2 provinces, Kosovo and Vojvodina, attached to Serbia.
1953: Tito was elected President of the Republic. He died in 1982, after having been appointed President for life in 1974.
1990: Franjo Tudman was elected President of the Republic of Croatia.
1991: on 13th June, the Serbs, supported by the Yugoslavian Federal Army, started fighting with the Croats.
1991: on 21st June, Croatia declared Independence. on 27th August, the attack on Vukovar began. The city was bombed by the Yugoslavian army for three months.
1992: in January, the International community recognised the State of Croatia. On the 22nd May 1992, Croatia became a member of the UN.
1992-1995: the war was responsible for 10,000 deaths, 13,000 missing people and 500,000 refugees. Material costs were evaluated at 31 billion US Dollars. The Dayton Peace Accord was signed on 21st November 1995.
January 2000: Ivica Racan became Prime Minister.
February 2000: Stjepan Mesic, a democrat pro-westerner, was elected President of the Republic.
16th January 2005: President Stjepan Mesic was re-elected after the second round.

Croatia : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

JANUARY
1st January: New Year.
6th January: Epiphany.
From the 19th January till the 28th February: Rijeka Carnival.

FEBRUARY
3rd February: St Blaise Celebration in Dubrovnik.
14th February: Saint-Valentine's day.
Third week of February: Carnival in several cities across the country.

MARCH
Good Friday.
Easter Monday.

MAY
Vukovar Cultural Celebration.
Wine show in Porec.
1st May: Labour Day.
12th May: Commemoration day for the departure of the Turks from Pozega.
30th May: National Holiday.

JUNE
International Festival of New Film Split.
Zagreb International Contemporary Theatre Festival.

JULY
Zagreb International Folklore Festival
From mid-July to mid-August: International Summer Festival in Dubrovnik.
From the 18th till the 22nd July: Zagreb International Folklore Festival.
From the 1st July to the 31st July: Zagreb Baroque Festival.

AUGUST
5th August: Day of Our Lady of the Snow.
15th August: Assumption. Velebit Pilgrimage.

SEPTEMBER
Harvest Celebration in Daruvar.
Tamburica Festival in Pozega.
Baroque evenings in Varazdin.
Autumn Festival in Vinkovci.

OCTOBER
Dubrovnik Sports Rally.
Truffle days in Istria (every weekend).
8th October: National Independence Day.

NOVEMBER
1st November: All Saints Day.

DECEMBER
25th December: Christmas.
26th December: Sveti Stijepan.