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Nile Valley
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Nile Valley

By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Our Editorial team's advice

The Nile Valley dazzles with Ancient Egyptian treasures. From Alexandria to Abu Simbel, the valley holds more than 3,000 years of history and still arouses interest and curiosity.
Everything starts on the banks of the Nile. 4,130 miles long, it flows along the white desert and at the time of the Pharaohs offered fertile silt during the yearly floods that occurred in the summer. In fact, because it was the most important event of the year, it was used as a date of reference in the Ancient Egyptian calendar. To quote Herodotus, the Greek historian from the 5th century BC, "Egypt is a gift of the Nile". Without it, the soil would never be fertile and the agriculture along its shores would not be possible.
Since the construction of the Aswan High Dam was finished in 1971, the river no longer floods. The contrast between the river, the vegetation, and the desert is nevertheless amazing. It has been estimated that 90% of the current population of Egypt lives in the Nile Valley.

The birthplace of the Egyptian civilization, it conceals a few secrets from the time of the Pharaohs. You will find Alexandria in among its treasures. Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, it held the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
The famous pyramids of Giza, Saqqara, and Dahshur look survey the surrounding area from their north-west position on the river. Further along, the Valley of the Kings in Luxor lies dormant with its 63 tombs.
Thus, the wonders of Ancient Egypt blend in with the more modern surroundings of the Valley of the Nile and offer visitors a moment of awe.

To see

The wonders of Ancient Egypt from the Valley of the Kings to the Temples of Luxor and Karnak, via the pyramids of Giza and Dahshur.

To do

Descending the Nile on a felucca, away from the crowds.



To think about

As soon as the wind picks up, remember to protect your camera and make sure it isn't exposed, as the sand could damage it.

To avoid

Aimed at protecting visitors against microbial infections, the general recommended hygiene tips while travelling in developing countries are: avoid eating raw or undercooked food products, especially meat and eggs, and wash your hands regularly with soap and water or a hydroalcoholic solution.

To try

You will be able to try mezzes (tasty sauces for dipping bread), foul (mashed beans seasoned with lemon juice, herbs and olive oil), hummus (a puree of chickpeas with sesame paste oil), stuffed vine leaves, vegetables and lamb, grilled meat, filo pastry, watermelon, dates, baklava, dried apricots... As for drinks, you can enjoy karkade, Egyptian wine, or mint tea...

To bring back

You can buy souvenirs such as djellabas, tunics, embroidered cotton shirts (cotton is very cheap here), sequinned oriental dance costumes, papyrus, Turkish slippers, Bedouin jewellery, pearl-encrusted boxes, sandals, glass and ceramic ware, copper objects, perfume bottles, Egyptian music, spices, alabaster ashtrays, and much more...
Egypt : Discover the cities
  • Cairo Cairo, Egypt,
  • Alexandria Alexandria
  • Hurghada Hurghada
  • Luxor Luxor
  • Aswan Aswan
  • Sharm El Sheikh Sharm El Sheikh