Surface area : 124320.0 km2
Population : 4906585 inhabitants
You can buy gold or silver jewellery (sold by the weight), wooden sculptures, leather items, spears, drums, carpets and weaved objects. On the markets, you are expected to haggle. Shops are generally open from Monday to Saturday, from 8 am. till 1 pm. and from 2h30 to 7h30 pm., yet opening hours vary from one region to another.
Italian food is found in most restaurants of the big cities. Traditional dishes (Stews, lentils, beans, goat, chicken...), generally very spicy, are served on a kitcha (flat cake) or on an injera (kind of spongy cake made from teff, a local seed). Massawa is renowned for its excellent fish and sea food, such as shrimps and lobsters. Tea and Coffee are an institution. They are served strong with a lot of sugar. In some regions, the coffee is slightly gingered or peppered.
Eritrea has as many Muslims (Sunni) as Christians (most are Monophysite, but there are large Catholic and Protestant minorities). Catholic churches (Services in local language, but also in English and Italian) and Protestant churches (Service in local language and English) as well as mosques are found in all major towns.
On arrival, declare all your electronic equipment (cameras, electric razor, etc...); they will be thoroughly checked on departure. Bring a filter to protect the lens of your camera. The locals accept being photographed but ask for a tip in exchange. It is recommended not to take pictures of military installations, the airport, bridges and official buildings. If you have a doubt, don't. When not on the beach, wear long clothes. To eat, only use your right hand and don't touch your lips with your fingers. Do not try to hire a camel for a hike or walk or you will risk being called a zulul (mad) as camels are used to carry merchandise !