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Discover Endives France

Endives were discovered by chance a century and a half ago in the Brussels region.
They were introduced to France around 1920 by Belgian seasonal workers and since then the Nord-Pas-de-Calais has become the world's leading region of endive crop production. With 190,000 tons grown annually, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais provides 83% of the endives produced in France and 50% of worldwide production.
After being conserved in a cold room, the plants are moved into a warm, humid atmosphere which triggers the growth of the endive.
Endives can be eaten raw (in a salad) or cooked (in a gratin, quiche or soup) and feature in many recipes, including pan-fried endives, scallop with endive and barley grain, caramelised autumn endive tart with soft brown sugar, etc.

  • Endives , Chicory from northern France , France
    Chicory from northern France

    In Belgium and in the north of France, this plant belonging to the Asteraceae family is known as 'chicon'.

    © Guy Ozenne / 123RF
  • Endives , Removing the leafs of a chicory , France
    Removing the leafs of a chicory

    Chicory can last several days in the refrigerator or in a cellar. The most important thing is that it is kept away from sunlight.

    © Margouillat / 123RF
  • Endives , Cooking chicory , France
    Cooking chicory

    Chicory can be cooked in various ways: steamed, fried, boiled or braised.

    © STOCKFOOD LBRF
  • Endives , Chicory with ham , France
    Chicory with ham

    The recipe for chicory with ham is very popular, but there is more than one. It can be prepared with chilli, as fritters, with scallops, or as a stew.

    © Margouillat / 123RF
  • Endives , Vegetables and raw chicory , France
    Vegetables and raw chicory

    There is no need to wash chicory, even when eating it raw. All you need to do is peel off the first few layers and cut off the base.

    © Guy Ozenne / 123RF
  • Endives , A red chicory and its root , France
    A red chicory and its root

    Separating the root from the chicory is one of the final stages in its production.

    © GRAPHICOBSESSION
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination France

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