The Breton forest distinguishes itself from other forests by the presence of beech and oak groves of holly and yew trees in areas where the atmosphere is very humid. It is composed of both indigenous species, beech trees (in the centre of Brittany), sessile oak trees (in deep soil), pedunculated oaks (in damp soil) and strange species like the Scotch pine tree (introduced during the Renaissance) and Maritime pines (introduced during the Enlightenment) or chestnut trees (whose introduction dates back to the Celtic period). The fauna, which is favoured by the biotope, is also just as varied. You can see stags, roe deer and wild boar, numerous bird species (woodpeckers and birds of prey) and protected species such as the golden ?carabe' (only known in the humid forests of Brittany) or the Quimper snail (in the undergrowth of Western Brittany).
The salt marshes are a favoured spot for many bird species in Brittany.© ALASKA STOCK IMAGES R - age fotostock
In total, Guérande's salt marshes cover nearly 5,000 acres.© Alexis Bidegain
Combined with the rich variety of food and the warm climate, the salt marshes are a favourite spot for wildlife and plant life alike.© Sami Sarkis - age fotostock
Many migratory birds from further north stop off in the marshes to revitalise themselves.© Gunter Lenz - age fotostock