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, La faune des Calanques de Marseille, The fauna and flora, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La faune des Calanques de Marseille
© Bonzami Emmanuelle / 123RF
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La faune des Calanques de Marseille France
By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Discover La faune des Calanques de Marseille

Most of the reptiles here are lizards, including the gecko (rare and protected), and garter snakes, while there are a lot more insect species. Other than the more than emblematic cicada, the 'Calanques' (coves) are home to butterflies, crickets, beetles and the pine processionary. In addition, in the ground between the rocks you can find a harmless little yellow scorpion that coexists with the jalida, a species of millipede.
The largest diversity of species you will find here, though, is with the birds. Every species occupies a very precise stratum in the landscape of the scrubland: the shrubs shelter red partridges, ortolans, warblers and nightingales, the pine forests hold the great spotted cuckoo, which notably survives on the processionary pine, whereas in grassy areas you can see hoopoes (an endangered specied) and the little owl.
Like on all rugged coasts, many marine and migratory bird species have nests in the crevices of the rocks (the northern gannet, the common shag, the Cory's shearwater, the storm pertrel and the most present one: the yellow-legged gull), but you can also see the common raven, swallows and swifts (pallid and alpine).
The calanques are also home to three rare species: the Bonelli's eagle, in danger of extinction, there is only one couple left and the cliff where they have their nest has been forbidden for climbing; the Eurasian eagle-owl, of which there are only a few couples left; and the shaheen falcon, also in danger of extinction.
The European rabbit, shrew, squirrel and garden dormouse make up most of the mammals that live in the calanques and are very difficult to spot. More sporadically you will find a few badgers, foxes, and weasels, whose numbers are limited to the small population of small rodents that they feed on.
There is one interesting, and protected, mammal that is especially worth mentioning: the European free-tailed bat (the largest bat in Europe).

La faune des Calanques de Marseille

, La faune des Calanques de Marseille, The fauna and flora, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La faune des Calanques de Marseille © Thomas Dutour / 123RF
, La faune des Calanques de Marseille, The fauna and flora, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La faune des Calanques de Marseille © Charles Masters / 123RF
, La faune des Calanques de Marseille, The fauna and flora, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La faune des Calanques de Marseille © Andreas Altenburger / 123RF
, La faune des Calanques de Marseille, The fauna and flora, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La faune des Calanques de Marseille © Paul Maguire / 123RF
, La faune des Calanques de Marseille, The fauna and flora, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
La faune des Calanques de Marseille © Maurizio Migliorato / 123RF
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