Guam is a volcanic island, surrounded by coral reefs. Halfway up the island is a relatively flat calcareous coral plateau, bordered by coastal cliffs, dug with galleries. The other half is punctuated with hills in the centre and mountains in the south, divided by rivers and waterfalls.
Located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Guam benefits from a tropical climate that isn't too hot thanks to the trade winds, which are the reason for the country's lush vegetation. More than 600 plant species have been listed in Guam. The island is also known for its multicoloured bougainvilleas and it jasmine.
There has been a large decrease in the endemic fauna since the Second World War. The reason? The introduction of a snake that caused the extinction of 12 bird species, as well as the disappearance of 2 bat species and 3 species of lizards.
Above all else, Guam is a paradise for divers. The reefs are home to a rich variety of underwater fauna composed of many different species, like barracudas, king mackerels, blue marlins, octopuses, turtles and starfish.
The culture of Guam is undeniably linked to the traditions and customs of the Chamorro people. Strongly marked by symbolism, the Chamorro culture is expressed in the daily life of the villages through dance, music, games, the cuisine and sailing. The artisanry here consists of the baskets and rug weaving, which are both often very colourful. To get an insight into just how rich the Chamorro culture is, head to the market of Chamorro Village.
The Spanish influence can be seen in the architecture of some of the buildings and stone bridges.