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Culture Iceland

By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Iceland : Discover the country's culture

Read



"Iceland: Land of the Sagas" by Jon Krakauer and David Roberts.
"Iceland" by Einar Mar Jonsson, Guillaume Cannat, and Patrick Desgraupes.


- "Salka Valka" .
-

Guides

Iceland (Bradt Travel Guide). 2007-2008.
The Rough Guide to Iceland . 2005.
Lonely Planet Iceland . 2005.
Insight Guides Iceland.

Music

Björk, Sigur Ros.

Iceland : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

IXth century AC, Vikings from Norway colonise the island (between 870 and 930) after the first landings about 850, when Swede Naddodur baptised the place "snow island".
930, the Althing or National Assembly is instituted and located in Blaskogar.
999, Iceland becomes a Christian nation.
XIIIth century, the island lives a period of decline seasoned with civil wars and ends up annexed to Norway.
XIVth century, Iceland is annexed to Denmark.
1550, the Lutheran religion is imposed by the Danish Government.
1918, the island becomes independent, depending on the Danes on defence and foregin affairs issues.
April 9th 1940, Denmark is invaded by Germany and is unable to assume its powers; Althing takes over "foreign affairs".
June 17th 1944, Iceland becomes an Independent Republic.
1980, Vigdis Finnbogadottir becomes the first President of the Republic of Iceland.
1986, great summit with Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan in Reykjavik.
2001. Iceland is a member-state of Schengen.
Today. Olafur Ragnar Grimsson is Head of State since 1996 and Geir Haarde is Prime Minister since 2006.

Iceland : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

January 1st : New Year's Day.
January - February: Mid-winter festival. Winter is celebrated in the Vikings tradition. On the menu: Brown mutton head, gamey shark and other delicacies...
February: Winter Lights Festival in Reykjavik.
March 1st: Beer Day. The sale of beer was only authorised in 1989. Icelanders thus celebrate this day.
April: Easter.
April 19th: 1st day of Summer.
May 1st: Labour Day.
June 17th: Independance Day.
August 7th: Traders' Day.
December 25th: Christmas.
December 31st: New Year's Eve.