Amritsar is the cradle of Sikh. Visit the Golden Temple, the Sikhs sacred shrine and Punjab's marvel. The 710,000-inhabitant city is named after the basin bordering it. To get into this magnificent construction found in the heart of the Old City, you need to take off your shoes and cover your head. Along, you meet walls illuminated with mother-of-pearl and lapis-lazuli, floral paintings, ivory inlays and walk on marble mosaics. The environment is enchanting with readings organised every day from 4:00 AM in summer and 5:00 AM in winter by priests who relay to chant excerpts of the Granth Sahib, gourou-book, surrounded by pilgrims. If you do not like crowded areas, visit the Temple on weekdays especially when the sun is rising, to admire its sparkling 221 pounds of gold cupola. A 5-minute walk from the Temple is the Jalianwala garden whose sight gives goosebumps to visitors, with the celebration of hundreds of Sikh killed by the English in 1919. In this same structure, the Akal Takht building topped by a gold dome lodges the throne of Sikh gourous and still houses the Sikh Parliament in charge of deciding on the social and religious lives of the Sikh. From the beginning of the century, Amritsar has become the Sikh protest centre against English colonial rule and is still a tension-prone area.