Area : Eastern India has an approximate total surface area of 202,704 mi2. The region of Arunachal Pradesh covers 32,333 mi2, Nagaland 6,381 mi2, Manipur 8,632 mi2, Mizoram 8,142 mi2, Tripura 4,051 mi2, Meghalaya 8,683 mi2, Sikkim 2,744 mi2, Assam 30,285 mi2, Bihar 36,357 mi2, Jharkhand 30,778 mi2 and West Bengal 34,267 mi2. km2
Population : Eastern India has a total population of 272,616,948. In 2011, Arunachal Pradesh had 1,382,611 inhabitants, Nagaland 1,980,602, Manipur 2,721,756, Mizoram 1,091,014, Tripura 3,671,032, Meghalaya 2,964,007, Sikkim 607,688, Assam 31,169,272, Bihar 103,804,637, Jharkhand 32,966,238 and West Bengal 91,348,000. inhabitants
Jet Lag : The UK is five and a half hours behind in winter and four and a half hours behind in summer, as daylight saving is not applied in India.
On average, its takes around eight and a hlaf hours to fly to New Delhi. Visiting the different regions of Eastern India requires one or two stopovers, often in New Dehli, Calcutta or Bombay before arriving at the region's capital. From here it's best to continue the journey by road or train. The main airlines serving the three international airports are Air India, Jet Airway, Emirates, Lufthansa and Singapore Airlines.
Eastern India has three international airports, two of which are located in West Bengal: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (CCU) in Calcutta, and Bagdogra (IXB), in the Darjeeling district in the north. The third airport, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (GAU), is located in Guwahati, which is the largest city in Assam (in the northeast of the country). Other than Sikkim, due to its mountainous terrain, all the regions in Eastern India have at least one airport, which makes air travel relatively easy especially thanks to the independent airlines, including Jet Airways, which operates flights to more than 27 cities in India.
There are no excessive safety measures that need to be taken in India. Keep in mind that poverty is omnipresent, particularly in the big cities, so beware of pickpockets and other thieves. Never leave your important papers (passport, money, plane tickets etc.) in your room and use a bag that can be tied to your waist or hung around your neck, rather than sliding your wallet into the back pocket of your trousers.
Nevertheless, certain regions in the east of India are more precarious than others. Manipur is one of them. If you wish to visit this area you will need a permit that is only valid for 10 days, for 4 people on average.
Meghalaya, a state in the northeast, was closed to tourists for a long time. Its reopening was delayed by the action of separatist groups, who used the different mountains as bases and the forests as a fallback base. Caution is advised.
There are 18 official languages and more than 1,600 dialects spoken in India. Hindu is the most spoken language. In the Kashmir valley, people speak Kashmiri, a mix of Sanskrit, Persian, Hindi, Arabic, Dogri, Turkish and even Tibetan language. In Jammu, the main languages are Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, and Urdu. Ladakhi is the languae most spoken in the Ladakh region. English remains the practical language to communicate throughout the country.
A visa is mandatory to travel to India. Your passport has to be valid for at least six months after your return date. A six-month visa starts from the date of issue and not from your arrival date in India. It is issued at the consulate, where you will need 2 identity photos. To go to Jammu and Kashmir, get information about the political situation in the region, because it can sometimes lead to problems, including a tourist ban. In the Ladakh region, you must have special authorisation to get to the Nubra Valley, Pong-Gong Tso, Tso-Morari and the Dahanu region. This authorisation, valid for a period of 7 days, is available at the District Magistrate's office in Leh for the cost of $20 (£14) and it should always be carried with you as there are frequent security checks.
Most Indians are Hindu (82% of the population). In the Kashmir valley, the population is mostly Muslim, as well as in Suru valley and in Kargil, in Ladakh region. It is also imbued with many features of Hindu society with casts. In Jammu, Hindu is most prevailing, while in Ladakh most inhabitants are lamaist-buddhist with, on one side, the Red Bonnets, and on the other, the Yellow Bonnets, a branch which the Dalaļ-Lama belongs to, the reincarnation of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara.
The currency is the Indian Rupee (INR), which consists of 100 Paisas. Exporting and importing Indian rupees is forbidden. Keep the transaction slips when exchanging money, as these are absolutely essential if you want to reconvert Indian rupees back into foreign currencies or buy a plane ticket in rupees.
US Dollars, in cash or travellers cheques, are easier to use than Pounds. Credit cards are widely accepted in larger and mid-range hotels, when buying plane or train tickets, and in many shops. Travellers cheques can be exchanged at a better rate than cash and are accepted in most banks. It is possible to withdraw Rupees using a Visa, MasterCard or Japanese Credit Bureau card in major banks such as the State Bank of India. For Jammu and Kashmir, it is best to exchange money in New Delhi or another major city. In the Ladakh region, go to the State Bank of India in Leh and Kargil. Banks are open from 10:00am to 2:00pm, Monday to Friday, and from 10:00am to 12:00pm on Saturdays every other week.
Try to always keep small amounts of Rupees on you for everyday expenses, such as rickshaw rides, for example.
Whatever the case, avoid being in a hurry.
The aeroplane is very practical and helps to gain a considerable amount of time. Indian Airlines offers a 21-day air pass.
You can easily rent a chauffeur-driven vehicle. This is useful in a country with an archaic code of conduct and the roads are usually in bad condition. Driving is on the left. To explore the Ladakh region, do not hesitate to opt for a Jeep and always keep with you the special authorisation for the regions that require it, before the visit
Local buses are cheap, but often slow and crowded. You should go for private transportation companies, like Deluxe, that sometimes cost the same amount as State buses, but offer more comfort.
The train remains an economic and traditional means of visiting India. There is a very dense network.
No particular vaccine is required, however, it is recommended that you are vaccinated against typhoid and hepatitis A and B, rabies and meningitis. If you are going out of the main cities, follow an anti-malaria treatment and think about taking a mosquito net that is well impregnated with insecticide. There are several precautions to take when you're in India Kerala; do not drink untreated water or tap water (even to brush your teeth) and avoid ice cubes. Peal fruit and vegetables, avoid raw vegetables and ice creams and be careful of juices made of cut up fruit with water. Also, wash your hands, especially before eating.
Upon arrival in Leh, take a couple of days to adjust to the high altitude of the Ladakh region, before starting any physical activity. If you are staying at an altitude of 9,800 ft, it is possible that you will feel mountain sick; the symptoms are headaches, sleeping disorders, a loss of appetite, nausea or even vomiting, dry coughs, irregular breathing and lack of focus. In case of disturbing disorders, come back down a few hundred feet. To avoid this type of situation, drink a lot of water, eat lightly, and ban alcohol and tranquilizers. At high altitude, also think about wearing clothing that are suitable for the mountain climate, and bring glacier glasses. Before you leave, ask for advice from specialists to avoid any trouble when you get there.
Voltage is 220 V in most parts of the country and an adapter is necessary. Electrical outlets are of European type, however, check the voltage before using any electrical appliances.
India welcomed 2.75 million visitors in 2003.
It is common to leave a tip for waiters (about 10% of the bill's total) and to luggage carriers (from 5 to 15 rupees), but it is not essential to leave a tip for taxi drivers or in small restaurants. Be warned, in the street, you will constantly be hassled by beggars.
Since the creation of the Ladhak Autonomaus Hill Council, visitors have to pay an entry tax of $10(£7) to settle at different entry points in the Ladakh region. To visit the Nubra Valley, Pang-Gong Tso, Tso-Morari and the Dahanu region, it is an extra charge of $20 (£14).
To call India from the UK, dial: 00 91 (India country code) + the number you are trying to reach without the initial 0.
To call the UK from India, dial: 00 44 (UK country code) + the number without the initial 0.
To contact the emergency services in India, dial: 100.
High Commission for India
Aldwych, London, WC2B 4NA London
Tel.: 020 78368484 01 40 50 70 70.
20 Augusta Street Jewellery Quarter Hockley Birmingham B18 6JL
Tel.:(0121) 212 2782 01 40 50 71 71.
Government of India Tourist Office
7 Cork St London, W1S 3LH
Tel.: 01233 211999 01 45 23 30 45.
British High Commission
Shantipath, Chankyapuri, New Delhi 110021 Tel: (91-11) 26872161 611 8790.
Tourist Office of India
88, Janpath, Delhi. Tel.: 332 0005.
Jammu and Kashmir Information Centre
201-203, Kanishka Shopping Plaza, 19, Ashoka Rd, Delhi.
Tel.: 334 53 73.
Tourist Reception Centre
Virg Marg, Jammu. Tel.: 548 172.
In Srinagar. Tel.: 452 69091.
In Leh. Tel.: 52297 or 52095.