The Syracusans, who founded it in the 4th century BC, called it ?Ankon', which means elbow, due to the folded shape of its coast that is bathed by the Adriatic Sea. A seafaring Republic trading with Damatia in the time of the Communes, Ancona's existence has always been linked to the port, which in turn is interlaced with the sea. The sandy expanse of its beaches to the north and the rugged profile of the cliffs to the south are all crowned by hills. The historical market towns, with their parks and steep lanes, bear witness to a rich past. From the Arch of Trajan, (built in honour of the emperor who, using public money, financed the city's port), to the nearby Traders' Lodge, all of the city's monuments recall its former glory. You will also notice San Ciriaco Cathedral, which is a mixture of the sacred and the profane. A sort of Greek acropolis on a pre-existent temple, the church is one of the most successful examples of Roman art in Italy.