Avellino dates back to 290 BC, when the Romans conquered the ancient town of Abellinum. However, owing to the bombings of 1943 and then the earthquake of 1980, it has conserved very little of its history. Surrounded by the Monti Picentini in a natural setting that provides a taste of what is to come in the Irpinia mountains, Avellino does nevertheless display some evidence of its past. Behind the neoclassical fašade of the cathedral are several 16th century paintings and a Romanesque crypt. The Provincial Museum of Irpinia has archaeological, Renaissance, and modern art collections, and the exhibition rooms and works of art have managed to avoid destruction.