Originally called Maleventum by the Samnites, it was re-baptised Benevento by the Romans, who changed the name for good luck after the victory against Pyrrhus. The imposing 15m high Arch of Trajan, which was built during this period of domination, has become the symbol of the city. Built in the year 114 to mark the extension of the Appia road from Benevento to Brindisi, the monument continues to stand tall today. Similarly, the Roman theatre that dates from the 2nd century AD is still used for certain events, particularly during the summer. The 7th century cathedral did not enjoy the same fate, undergoing numerous renovations before being destroyed by the bombings of 1943. With such great history and culture, if in Campania to not travel to Benevento would be a great shame.