The first accounts of the border town of Gorizia date back to 1001, before it became a rather significant and pretty extensive county. It fell under Venetian and later Austrian rule during the 16th Century and is now perhaps the best representation in the province of Friuli of a melting-pot of cultures. The Friulians, Julians and Slovenians all class the area as their own and you'll find an incredible number of languages and dialects spoken in this relatively small region. The castle, which is the emblem of the city, was built during the medieval period and has been modified at various stages throughout its history. Inside you'll find the Great War Museum, the Novecento Gallery, which houses works by local artists, and the Pinacoteca d'Arte Antica ('Gallery of Ancient Art'). The Synagogue is also worth a visit, particularly as it houses a museum recounting the history of Gorizia's Jewish community.