Located on a mountain pass in the heart of central Italy, the centre of Perugia is the Piazza IV Novembre square, where the city's main monuments can be found. In the middle of the square stands the Fontana Maggiore fountain, which was built in the 13th century according to the plans of San Bevignate. It is decorated with low reliefs by Giovanni and Nicola Pisano. Also on this square you can see the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, which is home to the exquisite Deposition from the Cross by Federico Barrocci, and the austere Palazzo dei Priori, which was built between the 13th and 14th centuries. Entering this building from Corso Vannucci street, you can access the Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria, which holds some major works of art. However, Perugia also has a hidden side, that of a city which is proud of its independence and little inclined to tolerate injustices. Rocca Paolina, which was built between 1540 and 1543 as the symbol of papal domination, was never tolerated and was razed to the ground in 1860. By climbing a series of steps starting at Piazza Partigiani square, you can follow a trail that will take you to the remains of the Rocca fortress and the ruins of the medieval lodgings.
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