Potenza, the administrative capital of the Basilicata region and the highest such city in Italy, stands in the elevated valley of Basento, 819m above sea level. The many successive earthquakes that have struck this area of frequent seismic activity have unfortunately destroyed most of the old buildings. Today, the city looks rather modern, but a few interesting old monuments are still standing. The cathedral, for example, was built in the 12th century and almost completely restored during the neoclassical period. The life of the National Archaeological Museum of Basilicata has not always been such a happy one: after first being damaged by a fire at the beginning of the century, it was then bombed during the Second World War. It currently holds all of the region's archaeological artefacts.