Surrounded by mountains and hills, Rieti occupies a flat basin, bathed by the waters of the Velino river. Before the Roman conquest, it was the capital of the Sabines, but its heyday was during the Middle Ages when walls were erected around its historical centre and the famous monuments and main squares that can be seen to this day were built. Pay a quick visit to the cathedral and the Episcopal Palace in the southern part of the city before taking a trip on the Velino River. This is an unusual excursion that will take you to the 16th century Capuchin convent in Colle San Mauro. In the shade of ancient fir trees and holm oaks, enjoy the view of the ?umbiliculus Italiae', the city traditionally said to be the centre of Italy.