It is in Vicenza, a modestly-sized city which today has a little over 100,000 inhabitants, that the greatest architect of the 16th century created his main architectural works. This man was Palladio and it was he that set about modelling the historical centre of Vicenza and lending it a typical Renaissance aspect. If you stop off at Signori Square, which is dominated by the basilica built by the artist, you will indeed see evidence of the Renaissance style. The characteristic façade with its two rows of loggias is similar to other buildings in the city, such as the Chiericati Palace. Next, you cannot miss a visit to the Olympic Theatre; a project by Palladio carried out by Vincenzo Scamozzi following ancient models, the Olympic Theatre was the first covered theatre of modern times.