The wide variety of the Japanese landscape (roughly 17,000 species) is due to its climate and relief. Forests cover 67% of the country's surface area and is mainly made up of hardwood and conifers: oak, beech, maple, thuja, red and black pines, combined with birch and ash trees. The west is dominated by a forest in which conifers vie for space with bamboos, magnolias and green oaks. White and red plum trees, fast-blossoming cherry trees, bamboos and pines have all become symbols of the country.
Forests© NORIKAZU SATOMI
This elegant tree is appreciated by the Japanese for its ravishing colours that change with the seasons.© Cheryl Hill
Nicknamed the Rhine of Japan, the Kiso Valley in the region of Chibu has preserved its unspoilt beauty.© Tupungato / 123RF
The bamboo is inseparable from Japan, where it is used for fences, fountains and tools.© altomedia / 123RF
Many of the Japanese come to this region to see the cherry trees in bloom and the autumn colours.© Narongsak Nagadhana / 123RF