Culture Lebanon

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Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Lebanon

Lebanon : Discover the country's culture

Read


'Leo Africanus' by Amin Maalouf
'Samarcande' by Amin Maalouf
'The Gardens of Lights' by Amin Maalouf
'The Rock of Tanios' by Amin Maalouf
'Lebanon, a House Divided' by Sandra Mackey
'Lebanon, Enchantment of the World' by Terri Willis
'Phoenicians: Lebanon's Epic Heritage' by Sanford Holst

Guides


Lonely Planet Guide, Syria and Lebanon, by L Dunston and T Carter (2008)
Lebanon Travel Pack, by H Taylor and M McCrossan (2010)

Music


'Instrumental Music from Lebanon' by André Hajj
'Oriental Dance from Lebanon' by Emad Sayyah

Lebanon : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

3,000 BC: Settlement of Canaanites and Phenicians.
332 BC: Conquest by Alexander the Great.
66 BC-395 AD: Roman occupation.
395-634: Byzantine domination.
634-750: Omeyyades reign from their capital, Damas.
750-977: Abbassid dynasty.
1098-1291: The Crusaders rule.
1291-1516: The Mamelukes control the region.
1516-1918: The Ottomans defeat the Mamelukes and take control of the region for four centuries.
1920-1943: The French mandate in Syria and Lebanon.
1943: Lebanese Independence and birth of an independent parliamentary republic.
1948: Arab-Israeli war. Inflow of Palestinian refugees.
1975: Beginning of the civil war.
1987: Arrival of Syrian troops in west Beirut.
1989: Taef Agreements by which peace was gradually restored.
1990: End of the civil war.
2000: Withdrawal of Israeli troops from southern Lebanon after 20 years of occupation.
2001: Partial withdrawal of Syria's troops.
February 2005: Assassination of Rafic Hariri (former Prime Minister) and protests break out against the pro-Syrian regime. Syrian troops ask to withdraw.
March 2005: Resignation of Lebanese Omar Karame from the pro-Syrian government.
7 March 2005: Following a meeting between Lebanese (Emile Lahoud) and Syrian (Bachar Al-Assad) heads of state, Syrian troops are redeployed to Bekaa (14,000 Syrian soldiers were still in Lebanon).
9 March 2005: The pro-Syrian Prime Minister Omar Karame is reappointed by President Lahoud and he forms a new government.
14 March 2005: Syrian troops withdraw from northern Lebanon and the Metn mountains and move towards the plain of Bekaa
13 April 2005: Prime Minister Omar Karame submits his second resignation, which is approved by President Emile Lahoud.
15 April 2005: The new Prime Minister, Mr Najib Mikati, is a former pro-Syrian minister.
26 April 2005: All Syrian troops withdraw from Lebanon.
June 2005: Fouad Siniora is appointed Prime Minister by President Emile Lahoud.
July 2006: The Israeli attack in southern Lebanon to eradicate Hezbollah.

Lebanon : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

Important dates in 2010:
1 Jan: New Year's Day.
6 Jan: Orthodox Armenian Christmas.
9 Feb: Feast of St Maroun.
26 Feb: Mawlid al-Nabi (Prophet's Birthday).
2 Apr: Good Friday.
4 Apr: Easter Sunday.
5 Apr: Orthodox Easter.
1 May: Labour Day.
6 May: Martyrs' Day.
25 May: Resistance and Liberation Day.
15 Aug: Assumption of the Virgin.
11 Sep: Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan).
1 Nov: All Saints' Day.
17 Nov: Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice).
22 Nov: Independence Day.
7 Dec: Islamic New Year.
25 Dec: Christmas Day.

Important dates in 2011:
1 Jan: New Year's Day.
6 Jan: Orthodox Armenian Christmas.
9 Feb: Feast of St Maroun.
15 Feb: Mawlid al-Nabi (Prophet's Birthday).
22 Apr: Good Friday.
24 Apr: Easter Sunday.
1 May: Labour Day.
6 May: Martyrs' Day.
25 May: Resistance and Liberation Day.
15 Aug: Assumption of the Virgin.
30 Aug - 31 Aug: Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan).
1 Nov: All Saints' Day.
6 Nov - 7 Nov: Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice).
22 Nov: Independence Day.
5 Dec: Ashoura.
25 Dec: Christmas Day.

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