Culture Libya

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Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Libya

Libya : Discover the country's culture

Libya : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

By 1,000 BC: Birth of the first Phoenician trading posts in Libya.
7th century BC to 6th century: Greek, Roman and Byzantine conquests.
642: Development of Islam.
10th to 12th century: the transition from one dynasty to another.
1551: The Ottoman Empire was annexed.
1710 to 1835: The Qaramanlis were in power.
1843: Sheikh al-Sanoussi took over. He founded the al Sanoussiya brotherhood.
1911: Italians landed in Libya.
1922-1931: Libya resisted Italian occupation.
1951: Libyan independence. Mohammad Idriss el-Sanoussi was in power.
1969: Proclamation of the Republic.
1977: The Arab people's Jamahiriyya was proclaimed.
1986: American raids were mounted on Tripoli and Benghazi.
1987: A cease-fire is signed with Chad.
1989: Libya became member of the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU).
1991: A Panam plane explodes in Lockerby's skies.1992. International military and air embargo on Libya. The territory was then divided into 1,500 independent councils.
1993: Strict application of sharia law. An oil capital goods embargo was added to the list.
1994: The Auzu strip was returned to Chad. End of Libya-Chad conflict.
1995: Palestinians, Africans and Egyptians were expelled due to the country's economic and political difficulties.
1996: Benghazi lived through an operation against Islamists.
1997: Offensive African policy.
1998: Tripoli Summit. The Countries present were from the Sahara and Sahel.
1999: The two suspects of the Lockerby attack were handed over to Scotland. This marked the end of sanctions against Libya.
OAU Summit in Tripoli to rethink the Organisation of African Unity.
2001: The country bureaucracy and economy criticised. Calls for privatisation.
2002: Threats to withdraw Libya from the League of Arab States.
Today: The Head of State is Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qaddafi (since 1969). 2011: following eight months of civil war having begun on 15th February 2011, the dictator Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qadhafi, who has lead the country since 1969 was killed on 20th October 2011. Elections will be taking place toelect a new government but in the meantime a temporary government has been put in place.

Libya : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

2nd February. Feast of Sacrifice.
22nd February. Muslim New Year.
2nd March. Ashura. Celebrating the martyrdom Hussein killed in 680. Origin of the Jihad. (can go on for two days). Only Hindu communities in Lybia celebrate it.
3rd March. Declaration of the People's Authority.
28th March. Celebrating the British evacuation.
2nd May. Birthday of the Prophet. (varying date).
11th June. Evacuation Day.
13th June. Day of Revolution.
1st September. National Day. Celebrating the Revolution led by Colonel Muammar Qaddafi.
7th October. Friendship Day. Fascist Expulsion Day.

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