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Culture Malta

By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Malta : Discover the country's culture

Read

'The Splendor of Malta' by Johnston
'Malta: War and Peace, an Architectural Chronicle, 1800-2000' by Quentin Hughes and Conrad Thake.
'The Knights of Malta' by HJA Sire
'The Last of the Crusaders: The Knights of St John and Malta in the Eighteenth Century' by Roderick Cavaliero

Guides

Malta (Globetrotter Travel Pack).
Malta and Gozo (Lonely Planet Country Guide).
Malta and Gozo (Rough Guide DIRECTIONS).
Malta Insight Guide (Insight Guides).

Music

Chiara, a singer representing Malta at the Eurovision contest.
Mary Rose Mallia, great Maltese artist.

Malta : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

From the 4th century BC to the 9th century AD: domination by the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians, the Romans, the Arabs and the Sicilians.
870: the island occupied by the Arabs was converted to Islam.
1090: Malta came under the rule of the King of Sicily.
1530: Charles Quint granted the island to the Order of Saint John, chased out of Rhodes.
1565: the Turks attacked. Thousands of Maltese are taken away as slaves.
1798: after the stopover of Bonaparte, on his way to Egypt, the island came under French rule.
1802: Malta became British.
1939-45: the island of Malta became a naval base and was often bombarded.
1961: it gained its autonomy.
1964: Malta became independent under the Commonwealth.
1974: the Republic was established.
1987: the nationalist party came to power.
1989: Censu Tabone became President of the Republic.
1996: the labour party regained power following legislative elections.
1998: the pro-European nationalists took advantage of early legislative elections to return to power.
1999: Guido De Marco is elected president.
March 2003: the Maltese voted to join the European Union.
2004: Eddie Fenech Adami became president.
May 1st 2004, Malta joined the EU.

Malta : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

January 1st: New Year's Day.
>February 10th: Anniversary of Saint Paul's shipwreck off the coast of the island.
February: Carnival of Malta.
February 29th: Marathon and half-marathon.
March: Festival of Mediterranean food.
March 19th: Saint Joseph Day.
March 31st: Liberty Day to mark the departure of the English in 1979.
March-April: Holy week in Malta with religious processions.
May 1st: Labour Day.
May: Festival of fireworks display at the Grand Port of Valletta.
June 7th: National Day.
June 29th: Imnarja Day or Harvest Day to celebrate Saints Peter and Paul. Traditional dances and songs.
July: International Jazz Festival.
August 15th: Assumption.
September 8th: Day of the lifting of the Siege launched by the Turks in 1565 and celebration of the nativity of the Virgin. Fireworks display and regatta at Valletta.
September 21st: National celebration of independence.
October: Festival of historic cities.
End of October: Rolex Middle Sea Race.
End of October-early November: Mediterranean Festival of Gozo with celebrations of the culture, history and music of the island.
December 8th: Day of the Immaculate Conception.
December 13th: Day of the Republic of 1974.
December 25th: Christmas.