Culture Mauritius

  • Mauritius
    © Myroslava / 123RF
  • Mauritius
    © Freeartist / 123RF
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Mauritius

Mauritius : Discover the country's culture


Mauritius and Rodrigues, Lonely Planet Guide 2009.


'Segga man' by Kaya and Racinetatane.

Mauritius : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

1512: the Portuguese sailor Mascarenhas discovers the island. The three island archipelago - Mauritius, Rodrigues and Reunion - takes the name of Mascarene archipelago.
1598-1710: the Dutch took possession of the island.
1715-1789: the French settled in Mauritius. Spurred on by Mahé de la Bourdonnais, the island became prosperous and Port-Louis (the capital), founded in 1736, developed into an attractive merchant harbour.
1810: the French surrendered to the English fleet.
1814: a peace treaty was signed between France and England who still own half the islands of the Indian Ocean each.
1835: abolition of slavery. The necessary manpower to the sugar cane plantation was imported from India and China.
1968: independence of the island.
1992: proclamation of the Mauritian Republic.
2004: the government passed a bill against luxury imitation goods.
2005: following the legislative election ensuring the victory of the Social Alliance party coalition, Navin Ramgoolam was appointed Prime Minister.
2010: ruling coalition of PM Navin Ramgoolam wins general election.

Mauritius : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events


1st January: New Year's Day.
February: Cavadee, Tamil purification festival.
Spring festival (Chinese New Year).
March: Maha Shivaratree, festival in honour of Shiva, in Grand-Bassin.
12 March: Independence Day (national holiday).
End of March: Holi (Hindu holiday).
1st May: Labour Day.
15 August: Assumption.
9 September: Father Laval Day.
November: Dipavali (Tamil light festival).
1st November: All Saints Day.
25 December: Christmas Day.

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