Culture Moldova

  • Moldova
    Panama7 / 123RF
  • Moldova
    Belikova / 123RF
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Moldova

Moldova : Discover the country's culture



- Romania and Moldova, Lonely Planet ed. 2006.


Moldova : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

Originally,the Dacians peopled the Moldvan territory. Then, the Roman emperor Trajan conquered the country.
256. The Goths drove the Romans away. Latin and Christianity remain deeply rooted in the culture.
300 to 1241. The country is invaded by the Huns, the Gepids, the Avars, the Slavs, the Bulgarians, the Hungarians, the Pechenegs, the Cumans and the Mongols. The latter remained there for a century.
10th to 13th century. Wallachia and Moldova are created.
1359. Founding of the Independent Principality of Moldova. Hungarian and Polish influences.
1492. The Ottoman Empire rules the country despite the resistance of the Moldovan people. Request for the help of the Russian Empire.
18th century. Northern Moldova, called Bukovina, is Austrian land.
1812 to 1856. The region of Bessarabia is occupied by the Russian Empire, the rest of the country belongs to Romania but Russia is strongly pressurizing this part of the country.
1878 to 1917. The Treaty of San Stefano redistributes the land: Bessarabia now belongs to Russia and the delta of the Danube and Dobrovdjia to Romania.
1917. Collapse of tsarism at the end of World War I. Bessarabia gets its independence but remains united to Romania.
1924. Creation of the autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Moldova by the Soviets. Then, there is on one side: Bessarabia contested by the Russians and the Romanians; on the other side: the Romanian province of Moldova.
1940. The Russians invade Bessarabia, taken over again by the Romanians in 1941 and again by the Russians in 1944, the year when they finally annexed the territory.
1947. The treaty legitimises this annexation. The Russians deport the Moldovans to Siberia and Kazakhstan and impose the Cyrillic alphabet.
1989. After much debating, Moldovan is finally recognized as the official language.
1990. The Moldovan sovereignty is also acknowledged.
27th August 1991. Independence of Moldova. Mirca Snegur is the first president to be elected.
1991-1993. Civil war between the Russophone communities and the Moldovan people in Transnistria. The conflict eventually dies down thanks to a compromise agreement signed in 1993.
1994. First pluralist legislative election. New Constitution.
1995. Membership of Moldova to the Council of Europe.
1997. The tensions are still significant in Transnistria, where the people wish for its independence. There are persistent minority problems and difficult living standards.
2001. Vladimir Voronin is elected president with Vasile Tarlev as prime minister.

Moldova : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events


1st January:
New year's day.7th & 8th January:
Moldovan Christmas.
14 January: Orthodox New Year.
1st March: Martsishor. (symbol of serenity and happiness).
8 March: International Women's Day.
20 April: Easter Day
27 April: Commemoration Day.
1st May: Labour Day.
9 May: Victory and Commemoration Day.
27August: Independence Day.
31 August: National Language Day.

Elsewhere in the world
Moldova : Holidays
  • Holidays
  • Flights
  • Hotels
  • Flight + Hotel
  • Cars