The imperial city Rabat lies 175 miles from Tangier. The capital of Morocco since 1912, it had almost attained this status under the rein of Yacoub el Mansour. Inside the Medina, the ochre gate of the Oudaia casbah is reminiscent of the sentiment at the time. Head to the Moor cafe to take in a view of the Bou Regreg estuary before returning to the "rue de Consuls". Here, you will find merchants auctioning carpets. In the imperial city, the Hassan II tower rises on an esplanade that was meant to have been used to erect the largest mosque on the planet under the rein of Sultan Yacoub el Mansour. Its incomplete minaret is 144 feet high. Nearby, the Mohamed V mausoleum, open to non-Muslims, holds the king's tomb, made of white onyx, in a funeral hall surmounted by an arch lighted by stained glass windows. Don't miss the Chellah necropolis at the end of the afternoon. A minaret made of polychromic earthenware rises from the bushes of a terrace garden.