The ideology of communism may be a thing of the past for these countries, but the relics of a bygone era still remain.
What to do with the world's communist monuments
Communist monuments didn't just disappear when governments fell. Nations across the globe had to figure out what to do, if anything, with the remnants of their past. Some tried to hide them, some just moved them to new locations, and some left them where they were. These places across Europe and Central Asia all tried a different approach, and regardless of the outcome you can still visit the vestiges of the past at each of these 20 locations.
Monument to the Revolution (Podgaric, Croatia)
Futuristic and imposing, this monument was created in 1967. During World War II, an uprising against Croatia's fascist police force occurred here in the region of Moslavina, which resulted in the deaths of 900 soldiers at the hands of the Ustase. The tribute was commissioned by Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, and monuments such as this one are known as spomeniks. They can be found all across countries that were once part of Yugoslavia.
Bulgarian-Soviet Friendship Memorial (Varna, Bulgaria)
The seaside city of Varna wasn't always favorite destination for fun-loving party hardy tourists! Located high above the town on a hillside, the imposing cubic faces of Soviet soldiers can be seen all the way from the Black Sea. The monument was created in honor of the Soviet army for its role in the Siege of Varna, which was part of the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829.
Pantheon (Varna, Bulgaria)
This monument in one of Bulgaria's most popular seaside towns is also known as the Pantheon of the Perished in the Fight Against Fascism and Captialism. The monument was built in 1961 to commemorate those who lost their lives in the fight against fascism in the region.
Buzludzha Monument (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria)
This UFO-looking building it was actually created by human hands. Buzludzha was meant to be a conference center and to commemorate several historic events that occurred on this mountaintop. It's the site of the death of Hadzhi Dimitar, a Bulgarian revolutionary credited with the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottomans. It was also the site of a World War II battle between partisans and fascist forces. Finally, this is the exact spot where Bulgaria's communist party, the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers Party, was founded in 1891. The site lay abandoned for many years and was a hugely popular destination for urban explorers, but now the government has decided to turn it into a proper tourist destination.