From the coldest point on the planet to the city with the longest name, these are the most superlative places on Earth.
The world's highest waterfall: Angel Falls, Venezuela
Angel Falls in Venezuela measures a staggering 979 metres. Its height was officially confirmed in 1949 by American journalist Ruth Robertson.
The world's deepest cave: Krubera, Georgia
This cave's full name is Krubera-Vonja and was discovered in Georgia in 1960. Since then it has been explored in stages by various teams, the first of which managed to descend to just -180 metres. As exploration continued, its depth also continued to grow and finally reached -2,196 metres in 2012.
The coldest place on Earth: Vostok, Antarctica
It was here in Vostok that the coldest temperature on Earth was ever recorded. On July 21 1983, thermometres fell to -89.2°C.
The hottest place on Earth: Death Valley, USA
The highest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 56.6°C in California's Death Valley in 1913.
The rainiest place in the world: Mawsynram, India
Despite preconceived notions about the UK's never-ending rain clouds, one village in India has it far worse. Mawsynram receives on average 12,000 mm of rain every year, whilst London arrogates roughly 594 mm.