Culture Shock! Philippines, by Alfredo Roces Tagalog (World Languages) Beginners Course, by Living Language Noli Me Tangere ('Touch Me Not'), by Josť Rizal
Philippines Travel Guide (Jens Peters) Philippines, Lonely Planet Country Guide (Greg Bloom)
Philippine Madrigal Singers (Philippine choral singing)
OPM (Original Pinoy Music)
Traditional Filipino folk music from various tribes
Apl.de.Ap (Black Eyed Peas), amongst other Filipino pop and contemporary artists
1521: the Portuguese maritime explorer Magellan 'discovers' the archipelago. He lands in Cebu and would later be assassinated there by the local warrior Lapu-Lapu.
1543: Ruy Lopez de Villalobos names the archipelago the Philippines after the future king Philip II of Spain.
1565: Spanish sovereignty is established.
1896: Nationalist insurgency led by Josť Rizal.
1898: Spain sells the Philippines to the United States for 20 million dollars.
1941: WWII and the Japanese invade.
1944-45: The United States liberates the Philippines from the Japanese
1946: Philippine independence is proclaimed.
1965: Ferdinand Marcos is elected president and his dictatorship lasts over 20 years
1986: Due to the 'People Power Revolution', Corazon 'Cory' Aquino, (the widow of assassinated ex-opposition leader Benigno 'Ninoy' Aquino), becomes the first female president of the Philippines and the first democratically elected head of state in Asia.
1992: General Fidel Ramos is elected president.
1998: Former actor Joseph 'Erap' Estrada is elected president.
2001: Joseph Estrada and his government are overthrown. The vice president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo takes power where she remains in office today.
January 1st: New Year's day.
January 6th: Twelfth Night. Children receive their Christmas presents.
End of January: Period of religious festivals. Some of the most famous celebrations are the Ati-Atihan in Kalibo, on the island of Panay and the Sinulog in Cebu City, both held on the 3rd weekend in January.
February 25th:Revolution of the EDSA people.
April:Holy Week processions. The Moriones Festival in Marinduque is one of the many celebrations that takes place.
April 9th: Bataan and Corregidor Heroes Day.
May:The Flores de Mayo festival is held in honour of the Virgin Mary and the Santa Cruzan parade on the festival's last day in honour of Reyna Elena.
May 1st: Labour Day.
June 12th: Independence Day.
August 19th: Quezon City Festival.
August 21st: Ninoy Aquino commemorations.
August 28th: National Heroes Day.
November 1st: All Saint's Day.
October 21st-22nd: Masskara Festival in Bacolod, Negros.
December 23rd-24th:Giant Lantern Festival in San Fernando, Luzon.
December 25th: Christmas Day.
December 30th: Rizal festival.