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Culture Romania

Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Section editor

Romania : Discover the country's culture

Romania : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

Romania was once a province of the Roman empire under the name of Dacia.
3rd and 4th centuries: invaded by the Goths, the Huns, the Vandals, the Avars, the Tatars, the Slavs and the Hungarians.
10th-14th century: small state units are created - the voivodats, giving rise to Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania.
16th century: Moldavia and Wallachia pass under Ottoman control, while Transylvania is occupied by the Austrians at the end of the 17th century.
At the beginning of the 19th century: Russia occupies Bessarabia and a part of Moldavia and supports the revolts against the occupying Turks.
1859: Moldavia and Wallachia are united, and take on the name of Romania in 1861.
1878: Romanian independence.
1916: Romania joins France, England and Russia in World War I.
1918: Bucovine, Transylvania and Bessarabia are annexed to Greater Romania.
1940: Bessarabia and Bucovine are occupied by the USSR, and the north of Transylvania by Hungary. Marshal Antonescu overthrows the king and the country joins Nazi Germany in the war, whilst numerous Romanians organise an armed resistance.
1944: victorious insurrection of the democratic block in Bucharest.
1946: the Communists win the elections. King Michael must abdicate.
1948: Romania becomes a people's democracy.
1955: membership in the Warsaw Pact.
1965: Nicolae Ceausescu becomes the leader of the Communist party and becomes president in 1974. He launches a vast austerity programme with the aim of making the country self-sufficient and paying back the foreign debt. The ?systemisation' policy in the countryside is accompanied by the unmatched cult of personality and unmatched police tyranny.
1989: Timisoara insurrection. The Ceausescu couple are executed after a summary trial.
1990: Ion Iliescu, the previous secretary of the Communist Party, is elected president. He is re-elected in 1992.
1996: the opposition candidate Emil Constantinescu wins the presidential election.
January 1999: Romanian minors march in Bucharest.
April 2005: Romania signs the treaty for membership into the European Union.
January 1st 2007: Romania and its neighbour Bulgaria join the European Union, which now has 27 member countries.

Romania : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

January 1st: New Year's Day.
May 1st: Labour day.
May: Brasov international jazz festival. Narcissus festival in Vlahita-Harghita. Spring folk festival in Hoteni, Maramure. Bucharest carnival.
June: Fundata farm fair.
July: Chamber music festival in Brasov and Bran.
August: Medieval festival in Sighisoara.
September: Pop music festival in Brasov.
December 1st: National Holiday.
December 25-26th: Christmas.