Culture Moscow and central Russia

  • Moscow and central Russia, Russia
    © iStockphoto.com / Mordolff
  • Moscow and central Russia, Russia
    © iStockphoto.com / Numbeos
Amy Adejokun
Amy Adejokun Expert destination Russia

Moscow and central Russia : Discover the country's culture

Read

Russian literature classics available in paperback editions:
?The Queen of Spades' by Pushkin, ?Dead Souls' by Gogol, ?Crime and Punishment' by Dostoevsky, ?The Seagull' by Tchekhov, ?War and Peace' by Tolstoy, ?Doctor Zhivago' by Pasternak.
?The Gulag Archipelago', ?The Oak and The Calf', ?The Grain Between the Millstones' Alexandre Soljenitsyne, and the third volume of his literary autobiography.
Works of Andrei Bitov, Andrei Guelassimov, Vladimir Makanine, and Ludmila Oulitskaļa.
You can also read the works of poet-novelist Alexei Parin.

Contemporary writers:
Nikolai Maslov, the author of the comic book ?A Soviet Youth'.
?A Moscow Saga' by Russian writer Vassili Axionov, who received the Booker Prize in December 2004 for one of his books (judged best Russian novel of the year, by the Itar-Tass agency and Echo radio station).

Music

Symphonies, operas and ballets by Prokofiev.
?Romeo and Juliet' by Rachmaninov.
?Aleko' and ?Vespers' by Tchaikovsky.
?The Swan Lake' by Stravinsky.
?The Fire bird' and ?The rite of Spring'.

Among the new rock bands of Moscow, we can mention: Bravo, Doctor Watson and Moralny Kodeks.

The Russian pianist Evgueny Kissin.

Alexei Khvostenko was one of the founders of the counter-culture in the USSR. He is the writer of cult songs of the alternative scene. He really became very popular with the young Russian generation after the fall of the USSR, by collaborating with the group called Aouktsion. He was also a poet, a bard, a painter and a sculptor, who had emigrated to Paris in 1977 and died on 30th November 2004 in Moscow at the age of 64.

Moscow and central Russia : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

1147: Youri Dolgorouki, prince of Vladimir, built a first wooden fortress (kremlin) on the site of Moscow.
1260: Alexander Nevsky put his son Daniel at the head of the principality of Moscow.
1328: the Russian Church transferred their headquarters to Moscow which becomes Russia's new centre.
1480: under the reign of Ivan III, Moscow became the capital city of a new powerful and centralised state. Italian architects come to build new buildings in the Kremlin (the Palace of Facets and the Dormition Cathedral).
1547: Ivan IV the Terrible was crowned Tsar of all of Russia. His victory over the Tartars in 1552 was celebrated with the building of Saint Basil's church on the Red Square.
1571: the Tartars burned down Moscow.
1612: the Russian People's army freed Moscow from Polish invaders. Tsar Romanov restored the dynasty.
1712: Peter the Great transferred the capital city to Saint Petersburg. Moscow remained the religious capital of the country.
1762-1796: reign of Catherine II.
1812: Napoleon invaded Moscow. The city burned down.
1861: abolition of slavery. The industrial revolution started and Moscow expanded rapidly.
1904-1905: first revolution.
1917: Lenin took control of the government. Moscow became the new capital city for the Soviet Union.
1924: Lenin died.
1928-1938: Stalin, master of the country imposed a terror regime.
1941, Nazi troops attacked the USSR. The German army was defeated in Stalingrad in 1943.
1953: death of Stalin and election of Khrushchev.
1964: Brejnev succeeded him, followed by Andropov and Chernenko.
1979: invasion of Afghanistan.
1985: election of Gorbachev who launches perestroika (the economical and institutional reconstruction or restructuring program) which was paired with glasnost (from 1988 onwards) which was intended to make all government activity transparent.
1991: putsch attempt by the conservatives. Dissolution of the Soviet Union. Yeltsin was elected president of Russia.
1993: riots at Moscow's parliament. Breakthrough of Jirinovski and the ultra-nationalists at the legislative elections.
1996: re-election of Yeltsin.
1999: offensive launched in Chechnya. Yeltsin resigned.
May 2000: Vladimir Putin was elected President.
15th March 2004: Vladimir Putin was re-elected.

Moscow and central Russia : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

1st January: New Year's Day.
7th January: Orthodox Christmas Day.
14th January: Orthodox New Year's Day.
23rd February: Defenders of the Fatherland Day
March: Spring festival
8th March: International Women's Day.
May: Moscow Stars, Music and Dance Festival
1st May: Labour Day.
9th May: Commemoration of the victory of the Red Army over Nazi Germany.
12th June: National Holiday.
August: Song festival in Moscow
7th November: Anniversary of the October Revolution.
12th December: Constitution Day.
December-January: Russian Winter festival

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