The capital of the kingdom, and important business centre, there are numerous reasons to visit Riyadh, a modern city, constructed on the site of the old city conquered in 1902 by Ibn Saud, one of the ancestors of the current royal family, the al-Sauds. The fortress of Masmak is the only relic of the ancient city. You can visit the museum dedicated to Ibn Saud there. The museum of Riyadh presents a much broader overview of the country and region's history, from the Neolithic to the Islamic period. 19 miles from the city, the dromedary market, which takes place every day, is one of the most important in the Middle East. Races also take place in the month of April. You should not miss a visit to the ruins of Dir'aiyah, 19 miles to the north of the capital. At the beginning of the 18th century, this was the first capital of the al-Saud family.