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Culture Serbia

By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Serbia : Discover the country's culture

Read

Best of Belgrade: Lonely Planet

Music

Unza Unza Time by the No smoking orchestra (Barclay).

Serbia : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

6th-7th century: Arrival of the Slavic population in the Balkans, then under control of the Eastern Roman Empire.
1150: Beginning of the Serbian Nemanjic dynasty.
1371: Beginning of Turkish incursions into the Balkans.
1389: Victory of the Turks over the Serbs at the battle of Kosovo. This defeat became the founding myth of the Serbian nation.
1878: Rebellion against the Ottoman occupier during the course of the century. Serbia became an independent kingdom. Bosnia and Herzegovina was occupied by Austria-Hungary.
1908: Annexation of Bosnia by Austria-Hungary, also claimed by the Serbs.
28th June, 1914:Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, prince-heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, which triggers World War I.
1918: The creation of the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Bosnia and Herzegovina is integrated into the group that took the name of Yugoslavia ten years later.
1941: The invasion of Yugoslavia by Germany and the beginning of the insurrection of the Serbian royalists ("Chetniks") and of the partisans led by Josip Broz, known as Tito.
1943: Liberation of Belgrade by the partisans with the help of the Red Army. Setting of a temporary government.
1968: Tito created the 'Muslim' nationality for the Slavs of Bosnia and Herzegovina who consider themselves as neither Serbs nor Croats.
1974: Tito legitimised the autonomy of Kosovo.
1980: Death of Tito, followed by the implementation of a collegiate presidency rotating between the representatives of each of the six republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia) with two autonomous provinces (Voivodine and Kosovo) for a year.
28th June 1989: 600th anniversary of the battle of Kosovo. Slobodan Milosevic appropriated the nationalist themes.
June - September 1991: Six Serbian enclaves in Bosnia and Herzegovina successively proclaim their independence.
28th March, 1992: Declaration of independence of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia (Republika srpska). That same year, the Sarajevo siege begins.
May 1993: Beginning of the siege of Mostar by the Bosnian Croats. The UN Security Council creates six 'security zones' for the Muslims from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
17th November 1993: Inauguration of the tribunal for war crimes in the Hague.
21st November 1995: The peace agreement is then signed in Dayton (United States) by the Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian Presidents Slobodan Milosevic, Franjo Tudjman, and Alija Izetbegovic.
14th December 1995: Signing of the peace agreement in Paris.
March-June 1999: NATO bombings
February 2001: Fall of Milosevic in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
2002: Opening of the trial before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
February 2003: The Montenegrin, Serbian and federal authorities finally approve the constitutional chart of recently created 'Serbia and Montenegro'
March 2004: President Vojislav Kostunica forms his government which consists of members of his party, the DSS (Democratic Party of Serbia), the G17, liberal conservative political party and SPO-NS, a nationalist coalition.
11th March 2006: Death of Slobodan Milosevic
3rd June 2006: The Parliament of Montenegro adopted a declaration of independence meaning the end of their association with Serbia.

Serbia : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

1st January: New Year's Day.
6th January: Orthodox Christmas.
9th January: Orthodox New Year.
15th February: National holiday of Serbia.
21st April: Good Friday.
24th April: Orthodox Easter Monday.
27th April: National Holiday.
1st-2nd May: Labour Day.
May: Lilac Days: medieval festival in honour of Helen of Anjou.
June: Shepherds' Festival: races and strength-measuring games.
July: Prisolnica Festival: flute players' competition.
July: Kalenic Festival: Serbian costumes and handicraft.
July: EXIT Festival in Novi Sad: South-east Europe's greatest electro-rock music festival.
August: Guca Festival: largest Romani gathering.
September: Srbobran Festival: Vojvodina folk singing and dancing.
29th November: Republic Day.