The cathedral was designed in the 16th century and built in the 19th century. It was officially inaugurated by Pope John Paul II in 1993. Since 1883, the original layout created by Francisco de Cubas has undergone numerous amendments on behalf of the six architects who directed the construction work that took place over a period of 110 years. Originally designed as an integrative part of the Royal Palace of Madrid, Almudena Cathedral was built out of Novelda stone (Alicante) and Comenar Viejo granite (Madrid). It features a transept crossing with a double dome (exterior and interior) that rests on an octagonal chamber with four windows. The façade that looks out onto the Plaza de la Armería has a tower on either side of it. The frescoes, altarpiece, sculptures, paintings and stained glass windows are dominated on the apse side by what is probably the most significant work within the cathedral: the Corona Mistérica, which represents the life of Christ.
The Cathedral was built over many centuries and each architect had his own idea regarding the style.© Martin Bobrovsky / age fotostock
The Almudena Cathedral stands in the middle of Madrid. Its particularity is that it is orientated north-south and not east-west.© Ken Welsh / age fotostock
The Almudena Cathedral is the most recent cathedral in Madrid.© Fotosearch / Age Fotostock
Covered with stone and slate, the dome is decorated with 12 statues representing the 12 Apostles.© Maria Galan / age fotostock
The Neo-Baroque style of the façade contrasts with the Neo-Gothic interior.© Maria Galan / age fotostock