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Culture Community of Madrid

By Amy Adejokun Amy Adejokun Section editor

Community of Madrid : Discover the country's culture

Read

'Don Quixote' by Cervantès
'Blood Wedding' by Federico Garcia Lorca
?One Hundred Years of Solitude' by Gabriel García Márquez
'Castilian Plains' and 'New Songs' by Antonio Machado

Guides

Seville and Andalusia Eyewitness Travel Guide
Andalusia Handbook: The Travel Guide (Footprint Handbooks)
Lonely Planet: Andalusia
Fodor's Seville, Granada and Andalusia

Music

'Macaco', 'Dansa de los Nadie': young Andalusian groups who perform a variety of music and rhythms
Ella Baila Sola
Rosana Arbelo
Paco de Lucia

Community of Madrid : Discover the country's history

Historical dates

1100 BC: The Phoenicians and the Greeks join the Celtiberians.
201 AC: The Romans are present before the Vandals and Visigoths.
711-1492: The Muslim period ends with the 'Catholic Monarchs'.
1492: Isabella, 1st Queen of Castile, gives three caravels to Christopher Columbus who will discover America.
1588: End of the conquistadores, followed by the defeat of the Invincible Armada.
1814: King Ferdinand VII is absolute monarch and Spain loses its Latin American colonies.
1923:Primo de Rivera dictatorship.
1936: Victory of the Popular Front and the start of the civil war between Republicans and Nationalists. Franco obtains power and installs dictatorship.
1975: Franco dies. Spain is handed to king Juan Carlos who begins the transition towards democracy, with centrist Adolfo Suárez, and socialist Felipe González.
1986: Spain enters EEC.
1996: José Maria Aznar and the Popular Party, Conservative, win the elections.
1998: ETA announces a cease-fire which is then broken fourteen months later.
2002: Following 9/11, Aznar's government sends troops to Iraq to support the United States.
March 11th 2004:The Madrid train bombings occur just before the general elections. ETA is immediately held responsible by the Aznar Government. It turns out that Al Quaida is behind the attack. Head of the Socialist opposition, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero wins the elections and withdraws all Spanish troops sent by Aznar to Iraq.
2005: the country became the first in the world to give full marriage and adoption rights to homosexual couples.
2008: Spain fell into financial crisis after the bursting of the Spanish property bubble.

Community of Madrid : Stay up to date on the country's holidays and events

Events

January 1st : New Year's Day
January 6th : Epiphany
February/March : Carnival throughout the region
February/March : Ancient Music Festival at the Lope de Vega Theatre in Seville
March 19th: San Jose
From Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday: Holy Week in Seville, Granada and Jerez de la Frontera
March-April:Easter, solemn ceremonies across the country
May 1st: Labour Day
1st week of May: Horse Feria in Jerez de la Frontera
May 2nd : Madrid Fiesta
May: Los Patios Feria and Festival in Cordoba
June 24th: St John
June: Corpus Christi and the Flamenco Festival in Granada
Mid-June/start of July: Granada International Dance and Music Festival
First two weeks of July: Cordoba International Guitar Festival
August 15th: Assumption. Celebrations across the country
August: Horse racing on the beach of Sanlucar de Barrameda in Cadiz
1st week of September: Grape harvest Day in Jerez de la Frontera
September/October: Autumn Day in Jerez de la Frontera
October 12th: Dia de la Hispanidad. Spanish National Holiday
October 25th : Day of the Basque Country
October to May: Classical Music, opera and dance season at the Maestranza Theatre in Seville
November 1st: All Saints Day
December 24th: Noche Buena (Christmmas Eve)
December 6th: Día de la Constitución
December 8th: Immaculada Concepción
December 25th: Christmas Day
December 26th : St. Stephen's Day
December 28th: Jokes Day (Massacre of the Innocents Day).