The Aljama Mosque in Cordoba is the finest monument to Muslim culture in the entire Western world. Work began on its construction, on the foundations of a former church devoted to San Vicente, in 785, when Cordoba became the capital of Al-Andalus. The mosque was then extended at various points in its history by Abd-al-Rahman II, Al-Hakam II and Almanzor.
It now has a floor area of over 24,000m˛ and features countless columns and arches which notably include the Mihrab, with its mosaics and golden verses from the Koran. Since 1523, the mosque has also housed a Catholic cathedral, built after the Reconquista alongside various other side chapels. Inside the cathedral, the Retablo Mayor ('main altar'), the Retablo Barroco ('Baroque altar'), the golden chairs sculpted from mahogany wood and the jewels held in the cathedral's treasury are of particular interest.
View of the outside of the bell tower of the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, which has lived through a numer of periods, styles and religious representations.© Akulamatiau / 123RF
After the Christian conquest of Cordoba in 1234, San Fernando converted the city's mosque into a cathedral.© Tatiana Popova / 123RF
View of the main entrance to the cathedral, where the Gothic style predominates.© Tatiana Popova / 123RF
The chapel features a wealth of details representing the Catholic religion, which were added in the place of the former mosque.© Karol Kozlowski / 123RF
View of the roof of the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, with its characteristic alternating white and red arches.© Richard Semik / 123RF