This fortress stands on a huge 820m high rock overlooking the city of Jaen and is listed as a National Historic and Artistic Monument. This Christian fortress was in fact of Arabic origin and was built on the site of a Moorish alcazaba. This was followed by the construction of three fortifications on the site, namely the Castillo Viejo ('Old Castle'), the Alcázar Nuevo and the Alcazar of Abrehuy, spanning a total of some 170m in length. The various towers are well worth a visit, particularly as one of them houses the chapel of the patron saint of Jaen, Santa Catalina, from which the castle takes its name. There are three other towers here; the Vela, the Damas and the Troneras towers and the 40m tall rectangular Torre del Homenaje or 'Tribute Tower'. The parade ground (or 'Patio de la Armas' in Spanish) is also worth a visit. The site is open to the public from Tuesday to Sunday between 10:00am and 2:00pm.
The only thing left of the castle is a chapel and a keep from which you can admire a breathtaking view of the Sierra de Jabalcuz and the olive groves.© Ana del Castillo / Age Fotostock
Three fortresses have been built in the same location: The Castillo Viejo, the Alcazar Nuevo and the Alcazar de Abrehuy.© M and M Valledor / age fotostock